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FREIIIERR VON ERNST FEUCHTERSLEBEN (1...

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 297 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FREIIIERR VON

ERNST FEUCHTERSLEBEN (1806-1849)  ,
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Austrian physician, poet and philosopher, was born in Vienna on the 29th of
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April 1806; of an old Saxon noble
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family . He attended the " Theresian Academy " in his native city, and in 1825 entered its university as a student of
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medicine . In 1833 he obtained the degree of doctor of medicine, settled in Vienna as a practising surgeon, and in 1834 married . The young doctor kept up his connexion with the university, where he lectured, and in 1844 was appointed dean of the faculty of medicine . He cultivated the acquaintance of Franz Grillparzer, Heinrich Laube, and other intellectual lights of the Viennese
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world, interested himself greatly in educational matters, and in 1848, while refusing the
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presidency of the
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ministry of
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education, accepted the appointment of under secretary of state in that department . His
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health, however, gave way, and he died at Vienna on the 3rd of September 1849 . He was not only a
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clever physician, but a poet of
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fine aesthetical taste and a philosopher . Among his medical
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works may be mentioned: Uber das Hippokratische erste Buck von der Diat (Vienna, 1835), Arzte and Publicum (Vienna, 1848) and Lehrbuch der arztlichen Seelenkunde (1845) . His poetical works include Gedichte (Stutt . 1836), among which is the well-known beautiful hymn, which Mendelssohn set to
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music . " Es ist bestimmt in Gottes Rat." As a philosopher he is best known by his Zur Diatetik der Seek [
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Dietetics of the soul] (Vienna, 1838), which attained
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great popularity, and the tendency of which, in contrast to Hufeland's Makrobiotik (On the
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Art of Prolonging
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Life), is to show the true way of rendering life harmonious and lovely . This
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work had by 1906 gone into fifty
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editions .

Noteworthy also is his Beitrage zur Litteratur-, Kunst- und Lebenstheorie (Vienna, 1837-1841), and an

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anthology, Geist der deutschen Klassiker (Vienna, 1851; 3rd ed . 1865-1866) . His collected works (with the exception of the purely medical ones) were published in 7 vols. by Fr . Hebbel (Vienna, 1851-1853) . See M . Necker, " Ernst von Feuchtersleben, der Freund Grillparzers," in the Jahrbuch der Grillparzer Gesellschaft, vol. iii . (Vienna, 1893) .

End of Article: FREIIIERR VON ERNST FEUCHTERSLEBEN (1806-1849)
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