Online Encyclopedia

FIJI (Viii)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 335 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FIJI (Viii), a British colony consisting of an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, the most important in Polynesia, between 15° and 2o° S., and on and about the meridian of 18o°. The islands number about 250, of which some 8o are inhabited. The total land area is 7435 sq. m. (thus roughly equalling that of Wales), and the population is about 121,000. The principal island is Viti Levu, 98 m. in length (E. to W.) and 67 in extreme breadth, with an area of 4112 sq. m. Forty miles N.E. lies Vanua Levu, measuring 117 M. by 30, with an area of 2432 sq. m. Close off the south-eastern shore of Vanua Levu is Taviuni, 26 m. in length by to in breadth; Kandavu or Kadavu, 36 m. long and very narrow, is 41 M. S. of Viti Levu, and the three other main islands, lying east of Viti Levu in the Koro Sea, are Koro, Ngau or Gau, and Ovalau. South-east from Vanua Levu a loop of islets extends nearly to 2o° S., enclosing the Koro Sea. North-west of Viti Levu lies another chain, the Yasawa or western group; and, finally, the colony includes the island of Rotumah (q.v.), 300 M. N.W. by N. of Vanua Levu. The formation of the larger islands is volcanic, their surface rugged, their vegetation luxuriant, and their appearance very 1 The notation n! denotes the product I.2.3.... It, and is termed " factorial n."beautiful; their hills rise often above 3000, and, in the case of a few summits, above 4000 ft., and they contrast strongly with the low coral formation of the smaller members of the group. There is not much level country, except in the coral islets, and certain rich tracts along the coasts of the two large islands, especially near the mouths of the rivers. The large islands have a considerable extent of undulating country, dry and open on their lee sides. Streams and rivers are abundant, the latter very large in proportion to the size of the islands, affording a waterway to the rich districts along their banks. These and the extensive mud flats and deltas at their mouths are often flooded, by which their fertility is increased, though at a heavy cost to the cultivator. The Rewa, debouching through a wide delta at the south-east of Viti Levu, is navigable for small vessels for 40 M. There are also in this island the Navua and Sigatoka (flowing S.), the Nandi (W.), and the Ba (N.W.). The Dreketi, flowing W., o hThihombia ;_~—i,al loo N• .Vatau6a v-'.~e ,i a°•'~ ~Nanas. undo Fe. .aNgele-Levu s. °^ Io '°off ~,d5ron1 Ringgold' !` a~ai Roundl ~~O .? 1 . ~ ~ SV jaYt/ple 6'046 }. Qj4A /andyo t u p QO .Woil ogOole pbpQ1 Yefeuq 4a l,~ g S°c N` Via^~~ Noamm p mba Gte' Pits iur Pt u,ti~ cA° oFo auiunl p~~4deijaExp/or/ng 'a ° V 1P e. o a;'`j .4 a do- Group 40., uni, as "1y `c ~ena'O ~`~• Yatheta0. !4 a ~yi .Y:a N6Wwr aa. _ /V ` e° '` ~ VitLCeurB. ,Posmpe 1. ~Xoro G •Majmgel Mu Vane. G o :.:,. Nalnpan Jpl Waja Mo g o tefeoge ue K o r o ThithiaU ~. `Mbat5fa QNbirat .. aQe :bau l.¢BaY Naiau, K Page - s,.. icoco Yaeeaoi furo as ,be~,b Lakemba ast u `.. L1 S e a V.W. . 'P benob pn eg Venus Ate' C OneNa ° Moala °''oto Peetepe passage qq . oxaeh. Vanua-tole V•I Towmanhf.0lorua• X.ironl t+ .t Astrolabe Reef f5 0000 4T'CAMtach e.°ga.. eta uMua,:6Ner0.
End of Article: FIJI (Viii)
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