Online Encyclopedia

MARK FIRTH (1819-1880)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 425 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARK FIRTH (1819-1880)  ,
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English steel manufacturer and philanthropist, was born at Sheffield on the 25th of
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April 1819, the son of a steel smelter . At the age of fourteen Mark, with his
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brother,
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left school to join their
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father in the foundry where he was employed, and ten years later the three together started a six-hole
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furnace of their own . The venture proved successful, and besides an extensive home business, they soon established a large
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American connexion . Their huge Norfolk
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works were erected at Sheffield in 1849, and still greater were afterwards acquired at Whittington in
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Derbyshire and others at Clay Wheels near Wadsley . The manufacture of steel blocks for ordnance was the
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principal feature of their business, and they produced also shot and heavy forgings . They also installed a plant for the production of steel cores for heavy guns, and for some time they supplied nearly all the metal used for
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gun making by the
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British government and a large proportion of that used by the French . On the
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death of his father in 1848 Mark Firth became the head of the
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firm . In 1869 he built and endowed " Mark Firth's Almshouses " at Ranmoor near Sheffield, and in 1895, when mayor, he presented to his native place a
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freehold park of
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thirty-six acres . He founded and endowed Firth.College, for lectures and classes in connexion with the extension of university
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education, which was opened in 18i9 . He died on the 28th of November 188o, and was accorded a public funeral .

End of Article: MARK FIRTH (1819-1880)
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