See also:American statesman, was
See also:born in New
See also:York City on the 3rd of
See also:August 18o8 . His
See also:Fish (1758-1833), served in the American army during the War of American Independence, rising to the
See also:rank of
See also:lieutenant-colonel . The son graduated at
See also:College in 1827, and in 183o was admitted to the
See also:bar, but practised only a
See also:time . In 1843–1845 he was a Whig representative in Congress . He was the Whig
See also:candidate for lieutenant-
See also:governor of New York in 1846, and was defeated by
See also:Addison Gardner (Democrat); but when in 1847 Gardner was appointed a
See also:judge of the state
See also:court of appeals, Fish was elected (
See also:November 1847) to
See also:complete the
See also:term (to
See also:January 1849) . He was governor of New York state from 1849 to 1851, and was
See also:United States senator in 1851-1857, acting with the Republicans during the last
See also:part of his term . In 1861–1862 he was associated with
See also:John A . Dix,
See also:William M .
See also:Evarts, William E .
See also:Dodge, A . T .
See also:Stewart, John Jacob
See also:Astor, and other New York men, on the Union Defence
See also:Committee, which (from
See also:April 22, 1861, to April 30, 1862) co-operated with the municipal
See also:government in the raising and equipping of troops, and disbursed more than a million dollars for the
See also:relief of New York
See also:volunteers and their families .
Fish was secretary of state during
See also:Grant's two ad-ministrations (1869-1877) . He conducted the negotiations with
See also:Great Britain which resulted in the treaty of the 8th of May 1871, under which (Article 1) the "
See also:Alabama claims " were referred to arbitration, and the same disposition (Article 34) was made of the "
See also:San Juan Boundary Dispute," concerning the
See also:Oregon boundary
See also:line . In 1871 Fish presided at the Peace
See also:Conference at
See also:Washington between Spain and the allied republics of
See also:Peru, Chile, Ecuador and
See also:Bolivia, which resulted in the formulation (April 12) of a general truce between those countries, to last indefinitely and not to be broken by any one of them without three years'
See also:notice given through the United States; and it was chiefly due to his restraint and moderation that a satisfactory settlement of the " Virginius Affair " was reached by the United States and Spain (1873) . Fish was
See also:vice-president-general of the Society of the
See also:Cincinnati from 1848 to 1854, and president-general from 1854 until his
See also:death . He died in Garrison, New York, on the 7th of
See also:September 1893 . His son, NICHOLAS FIsH (1846-1902), was appointed second secretary of legation at Berlin in 1871, became secretary in 1874, and was
See also:charge d'affaires at Berne in 1877–1881, and
See also:minister to Belgium in 1882–1886, after which he engaged in banking in New York City .
FISH (O. Eng. fist, a word common to Teutonic langu...
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