FLANNEL , a woollen stuff of various degrees of
See also:weight and fineness, made usually from loosely spun
See also:yarn . The origin of the word is uncertain, but in the 16th century flannel was a well-known production of
See also:Wales, and a Welsh origin has been suggested . The French
See also:form flanelle was used
See also:late in the 17tli century, and the Ger . Flanell early in the 18th century, Baize, a kind of coarse flannel with a long
See also:nap, is said to have been first introduced to England about the
See also:middle of the 16th century by refugees from France and the
See also:Netherlands . The manufacture of flannel has naturally undergone changes, and, in some cases, deteriorations . Flannels are frequently made with an admixture of
See also:silk or
See also:cotton, and in low varieties cotton has tended to become the predominant factor . Formerly a
See also:staple wool of
See also:fine quality from a Southdown variety of the
See also:Sussex breed was principally in favour with the flannel manufacturers of
See also:Rochdale, who also used largely the wool from the Norfolk breed, a
See also:cross between the Southdown and Norfolk
See also:sheep . In Wales the short staple wool of the
See also:mountain sheep was used, and in
See also:Ireland that of the
See also:Wicklow variety of the Cottagh breed, but now the New Zealand, Cape and South
See also:American wools are extensively employed, and
See also:English wools are not commonly used alone . Over 2000 persons are employed in flannel manufacture in Rochdale alone, which is the historic seat of the
See also:industry, and a
See also:deal of flannel is- now made in the Spen Valley
See also:Yorkshire . Blankets, which constitute a
See also:special branch of the flannel
See also:trade, are largely made at Bury in
See also:Lancashire and
See also:Dewsbury in Yorkshire . Welsh flannels have a high reputation, and make an important industry in Montgomeryshire . There are also flannel manufactories in Ireland .
A moderate export trade in flannel is done by
See also:Great Britain . The following table gives the quantities exported during three years: 1904 . 1905 . 1906 . Yards . . 9,758,300 9,220,500 8,762,200 In 1877 the export was 9,273,429 yds., so it appears that this trade has varied comparatively little . The imports of flannel are not very large . Many so-called flannels have been made with a large admixture of cotton, but the Merchandise Marks
See also:Act has done something to limit the indiscriminate use of names . Unquestionably the development of the flannel trade has been checked by the great increase in the production of flannelettes, the better qualities of which have become, formidable competitors with flannel . There must, however, be a
See also:regular and large demand for flannel while theory and experience confirm its value as a clothing particularly suitable for immediate contact with the
See also:body .
JEAN HIPPOLYTE FLANDRIN (1809-1864)
No mention on the connection "textile flannel" and alchemist Nicholas Flannel. Why ?
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