Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 492 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CARL FRIEDRICH WILHELM ALFRED FLECKEISEN (1820-1899), German, philologist and critic, was born at Wolfen-. buttel on the 23rd of September 182o. He was educated at the Helmstedt gymnasium and the university of Gottingen. After holding several educational posts, he was appointed in 1861 to the vice-principalship of the Vitzthum'sches Gymnasium at Dresden, which he held till his retirement in 1889. He died on the 7th of August 1899. Fleckeisen is chiefly known for his labours on Plautus and Terence; in the knowledge of these authors he was unrivalled, except perhaps by Ritschl, his life-long friend and a worker in the same field, His chief works are: Exercitationes Plautinae (1842), one of the most masterly productions on the language of Plautus; " Analecta Plautina," printed in Philologus, ii. (1847); PlautiComoediae, i., ii. (1850-1851, unfinished), introduced by an Epistula critica ad F. Ritschelium; P. Terenti Afri Comoediae (new ed., 1898). In his editions he endeavoured to restore the text in accordance with the results of his researches on the usages of the Latin language and metre. He attached great importance to the question of orthography, and his short treatise Filnfzig Artikel (1861) is considered most valuable. Fleckeisen also contributed largely to the Jahrbucher fur Philologie, of which he was for many years editor. See obituary notice by G. Gotz in C. Bursian's Biographisches Jahrbuch fur Altertumskunde (xxiii., 1901), and article by H. Usener in Allgemeine deutsche Biographie (where the date of birth is given as the loth of September).
FLECHE (French for " arrow ")
RICHARD FLECKNOE (c. 1600-1678?)

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