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SIR SANDFORD FLEMING (1827- )

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 495 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR SANDFORD FLEMING (1827- ), Canadian engineer and publicist, was born at Kirkcaldy, Scotland, on the 7th of January 1827, but emigrated to Canada in 1845. Great powers of work and thoroughness in detail brought him to the front, and he was from 1867 to r88o chief engineer of the Dominion government. Under his control was constructed the Inter-colonial railway, and much of the Canadian Pacific. After his retirement in 188o he devoted himself to the study of Canadian and Imperial problems, such as the unification of time reckoning throughout the world, and the construction of a state-owned system of telegraphs throughout the British empire. After years of labour he saw the first link forged in the chain, in the opening in 1902 of the Pacific Cable between Canada and Australia. Though not a party man he strongly advocated Federation in 1864–1867, and in 1891 vehemently attacked the Liberal policy of unrestricted reciprocity with the United States. He took the deepest interest in education, and in 188o became chancellor of Queen's University, Kingston. He published The Intercolonial: a History (Montreal and London, 1876) ; England and Canada (London, 1884) ; and numerous brochures and magazine articles on scientific, social and political subjects.
End of Article: SIR SANDFORD FLEMING (1827- )
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RICHARD FLEMING (d. 1431)
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SIR THOMAS FLEMING (1S44-1613)

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