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ALICE CUNNINGHAM FLETCHER (1845– )

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 496 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALICE

CUNNINGHAM FLETCHER (1845– )  ,
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American ethnologist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1845 . She studied the remains of
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Indian
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civilization in the
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Ohio and
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Mississippi valleys, became a member of the Archaeological Institute of
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America in 1879, and worked and lived with the
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Omahas as a representative of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and
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Ethnology, Harvard University, In 1883 she was appointed
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special agent to allot lands to the
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Omaha tribes, in 1884 prepared and sent to the New Orleans Exposition an exhibit showing the progress of civilization among the Indians of North America in the quarter-century previous, in 1886 visited the natives of
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Alaska and the Aleutian Islands on a
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mission from the
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commissioner of
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education, and in 1887 was
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United States special agent in the distribution of lands among the Winnebagoes and Nez Perces . She was made assistant in ethnology at the Peabody Museum in 1882, and received the Thaw fellowship in 1891; was president of the Anthropological Society of Washington and of the American Folk-Lore Society, and
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vice-president of the American Association for the
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Advancement of Science;'and, working through the Woman's
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National Indian Association, introduced a
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system of making small loans to Indians, wherewith they might buy
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land and houses . In 1888 she published Indian Education and Civilization, a special report of the Bureau of Education . In 1898 at the Congress of Musicians held at Omaha during the Trans-Mississippi Ex-position she read " several essays upon the songs of the North American Indians . . in
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illustration of which a number of Omaha Indians .

End of Article: ALICE CUNNINGHAM FLETCHER (1845– )
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