See also:heir of
See also:Sir Robert
See also:Fletcher (1625-1664), and was
See also:born at Saltoun, the
See also:modern Salton, in East
See also:Lothian . Educated by
See also:Gilbert Burnet, afterwards
See also:bishop of
See also:Salisbury, who was then the
See also:minister of Saltoun, he completed his
See also:education by spending some years in travel and study, entering public
See also:life as member of the Scottish parliament which met in 1681 . Possessing advanced
See also:political ideas, Fletcher was a fearless and active opponent of the
See also:measures introduced by
See also:Maitland, duke of Lauderdale, the representative of
See also:Charles II. in Scotland, and Ws successor, the duke of Moak, afterwards
See also:James IL; but he
See also:left Scotland about 1682, subsequently spending some
See also:time in
See also:Holland as an associate of the duke of
See also:Monmouth and other malcontents . Although on grounds of prudence Fletcher objected to the rising of 1685, he accompanied Monmouth to the west of England, but left the army after killing one of the duke's trusted advisers . This incident is thus told by Sir John Dalrymple: " Being sent upon an expedition, and not esteeming times of danger to be times of ceremony, he had seized for his own ridiig the
See also:horse of a
See also:gentleman (the mayor of Lynne) which stood ready equipt for its
See also:master . The master
See also:hearing this ran in a passion to Fletcher, gave him opprobrious language, shook his
See also:cane and attempted to strike . Fletcher, though rigid in the duties of morality, yet having been accustomed to
See also:foreign services both by
See also:sea and
See also:land in which he had acquired high ideas of the
See also:honour of a soldier and a gentleman and of the affront of a cane, pulled out his
See also:pistol and shot him dead on the spot . The
See also:action was unpopular in countries where such refinements were not understood . A clamour was raised against it among the
See also:people of the country: in a
See also:body they waited upon the duke with their complaints; and he was forced to
See also:desire the only soldier and almost the only man of parts in his army, to abandon him." Another, but less probable account, represents Fletcher as quitting the
See also:rebel army because he disapproved of the action of Monmouth in proclaiming himself king . His
See also:history during the next few years is, rather obscure . He probably travelled in Spain, and fought against the
See also:Turks in Hungary; and having in his
See also:absence lost his estates and been sentenced to
See also:death, he joined
See also:William of Orange at the
See also:Hague, and returned to Scotland in 1689 in consequence of the success of the Revolution of 1688 . His estates were restored to him; and he soon became a leading member of the "
See also:club," an organization which aimed at reducing the power of the
See also:crown in Scotland, and in general an active opponent of the
See also:government .
In 1703, at acritical stage in the history of Scotland, Fletcher again became a member of the Scottish parliament . The failure of the
See also:Darien expedition had aroused a strong feeling of resentment against England, and Fletcher and the
See also:national party seized the opportunity to obtain a greater degree of independence for their country . His attitude in this
See also:matter, and also to the proposal for the union of the two crowns, is thus described by a writer in the third edition of the
See also:Encyclopaedia Britannica: " The thought of England's domineering over Scotland was what his generous soul could not endure . The indignities and oppression which Scotland
See also:lay under galled him to the heart, so that in his learned and elaborate discourses he exposed them with undaunted courage and pathetical eloquence . In that
See also:great event, the Union, he performed essential service . He got the
See also:act of security passed, which declared that the two crowns should not pass to the same
See also:head till Scotland was secured in her liberties
See also:civil and religious . There-fore
See also:Godolphin was forced into the Union, to avoid a civil war after the
See also:demise . Although Mr Fletcher disapproved of some of the articles, and indeed of the whole
See also:frame of the Union, yet, as the act of security was his own
See also:work, he had all the merit of that important transaction." Soon after the passing of the Act of Union' Fletcher retired from public life . Employing his abilities in another direction, he did a real, if homely, service to his country by introducing from Holland machinery for sifting
See also:grain . He died unmarried in
See also:London in
See also:September 1716 . Contemporaries speak very highly of Fletcher's integrity, but he was also choleric and impetuous . Burnet describes him as " a Scotch gentleman of great parts and many virtues, but a most violent republican and extremely passionate." In appearance he was " a low, thin man, of a
See also:brown complexion; full of
See also:fire; with a stern, sour look." Fletcher was a
See also:scholar and a graceful writer, and both his writings and speeches afford bright glimpses of the
See also:manners and state of the country in his time .
See also:works are: A Discourse of Government
See also:relating to Militias (1698); Two Discourses concerning the Affairs of Scotland (1698); and An Account of a Conversation concerning a right regulation of Governments for the
See also:good of Mankind (1704) . In Two Discourses he suggests that the numerous vagrants who infested Scotland should be brought into compulsory and hereditary servitude; and in An Account of a Conversation occurs his well-known remark, "I knew a very wise man so much of Sir Christopher's (Sir C .
See also:Musgrave) sentiment, that he believed if amanwere permitted to make all the
See also:ballads, he need not care who should make the
See also:laws of a nation." The Political Works of Andrew Fletcher were published in London in-17737 . See D . S .
See also:Erskine, I ith
See also:earl of Buchan,
See also:Essay an the Lives of Fletcher of Saltounand :the Poet
See also:Thomson (1792); J . H .
See also:Burton, History of Scotland, vol. viii, (
See also:Edinburgh, 1905); and A . Lang, History of Scotland, vol. iv . (Edinburgh, 1907) .
ALICE CUNNINGHAM FLETCHER (1845– )
GILES FLETCHER (c. 1548-1611)
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