SIB FLOWER .
See also:HENRY (1831-1899),
See also:English biologist, was
See also:born at Stratford-on-
See also:Avon on the 3oth of
See also:November 1831 . Choosing
See also:medicine as his profession, he began his studies at University
See also:London, where he showed
See also:special aptitude for physiology and
See also:comparative anatomy and took his M.B. degree in 1851 . He then joined the Army Medical Service, and went out to the
See also:Crimea as assistant-surgeon, receiving the medal with four clasps . On his return to England he became a member of the surgical
See also:staff of the Middlesex hospital, London, and in 1861 succeeded J . T . Quekett as curator of the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England . In 1870 he also became Hunterian
See also:professor, and in 1884, on the
See also:death of
See also:Owen, was appointed to the directorship of the Natural
See also:History Museum at South
See also:Kensington . He died in London on the 1st of
See also:July 1899 . He made valuable contributions to structural anthropology,
See also:publishing, for example,
See also:complete and accurate measurements of no less than 1300 human skulls, and as a comparative anatomist he ranked high, devoting himself especially to the study of the mammalia . He was also a leading authority on the arrangement of museums . The greater
See also:part of his
See also:life was spent in their administration, and in consequence he held very decided views as to the principles upon which their specimens should be set out .
He insisted on the importance of distinguishing between collections intended for the use of specialists and those designed for the instruction of thegeneral public, pointing out that it was as futile to
See also:present to the former a number of merely typical forms as to provide the latter with a long series of specimens differing only in the most minute details . His ideas, which were largely and success-fully applied to the museums of which he had
See also:charge, gained wide approval, and their influence entitles him to be looked upon as a reformer who did much to improve the methods of museum arrangement and management . In addition to numerous
See also:original papers, he was the author of An Introduction to the
See also:Osteology of the Mammalia (187o); Fashion in Deformity (1881); The
See also:Horse: a Study in Natural History (1890); Introduction to the Study of Mammals, Living and
See also:Extinct (1891); Essays on Museums and other Subjects (1898) . He also wrote many articles for the ninth edition of the
See also:Encyclopaedia Britannica .
FLOWER (Lat. flos, floris; Fr. fleur)
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