Online Encyclopedia

FLUKE (probably connected with the Ge...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 574 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FLUKE (probably connected with the Ger. flack, flat), a name given to several kinds of fish, flat in shape, especially to the common flounder; also the name of a trematoid worm, resembling a flounder in shape, which as a parasite infects the liver and neighbouring organs of certain animals, especially sheep, and causes liver-rot. The most common is the Fasciola hepatica (see TREMATODES). It is also the name of a species of kidney potato. Probably from a resemblance to the shape of the fish, " fluke " is the name given to the holding-plates, triangular in shape, at the end of the arms of an anchor, and to the triangular extremities of the tail of a whale. The use of the word as a slang expression for a lucky accident appears to have been first applied in billiards to an unintentional scoring shot.
End of Article: FLUKE (probably connected with the Ger. flack, flat)
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JOHANN GOTTFRIED FLUGEL (1788-1855)
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