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FORL3 (anc. Forum Livii)

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 666 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FORL3 (anc. Forum Livii)  , a
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town and episcopal see of
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Emilia, Italy, the capital of the province of Forli, 40 M . S.E. of Bologna by
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rail, so8 ft. above sea-level . Pop . (1901) 15,461 (town); 43,321 (commune) . Forli is situated on the railway between Bologna and
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Rimini . It is connected by steam tramways with Ravenna and Meldola, and by a road through the Apennines with Pontassieve . The church of S . Mercuriale stands in the
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principal square, and contains, besides paintings, some good carved and inlaid choir stalls by Alessandro dei Bigni . The
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facade has been considerably altered, but the campanile, erected in 1178-r180, still exists; it is 252 ft. in height, square and built of
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brickwork, and is one of the finest of Lombard campanili . The pictures in this church are the
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work of Marco Palmezzano (1456–1537) and others; S . Biagio and the municipal picture gallery also contain
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works by him . The latter has other interesting pictures, including a fresco representing an apprentice with pestle and
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mortar (Pestapepe), the only authentic work in Forli of Melozzo da Forli (143$–1494), an eminent master whose style was formed under the influence of Piero della Francesca, and who was the master of Palmezzano; the frescoes in the Sforza
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chapel in SS .

Biagio e

Girolamo are from the former's designs, though executed by the latter . The church also contains the
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fine tomb (1466) of Barbara Manfredi . The
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cathedral (
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Santa Croce) has been almost entirely rebuilt since 1844 . The Palazzo del Podesta, now a private house, is a brick
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building of the 15th century . The citadel (Rocca Ravaldina), constructed about 1360–1370, and later rebuilt, is now used as a prison . Flavio Biondo, the first Renaissance writer on the topography of ancient Rome (1388–1463), was a native of Forli . Of the ancient Forum Livii, which
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lay on the Via Aemilia, hardly anything is known . In the 12th century we find Forli in
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league with Ravenna, and in the 13th the imperial count of the province of Romagna resided there . In 1275 Forli defeated Bologna with
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great loss . Martin IV. sent an army to besiege it in 1282, which was driven out after severe fighting in the streets; but the town soon afterwards surrendered . In the 14th and 15th centuries it was under the government of the Ordelaffi; and in 1500 was taken by Caesar Borgia, despite a determined resistance by Caterina Sforza, widow of Girolamo Riario . Forli finally became a
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part of the papal state in 1504 .

(T .

End of Article: FORL3 (anc. Forum Livii)
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