See also:town and episcopal see of
See also:Emilia, Italy, the capital of the province of Forli, 40 M . S.E. of Bologna by
See also:rail, so8 ft. above
See also:sea-level . Pop . (1901) 15,461 (town); 43,321 (commune) . Forli is situated on the railway between Bologna and
See also:Rimini . It is connected by steam tramways with Ravenna and Meldola, and by a road through the Apennines with Pontassieve . The
See also:church of S . Mercuriale stands in the
See also:principal square, and contains, besides paintings, some
See also:good carved and inlaid
See also:choir stalls by Alessandro dei Bigni . The
See also:facade has been considerably altered, but the campanile, erected in 1178-r180, still exists; it is 252 ft. in height, square and built of
See also:brickwork, and is one of the finest of Lombard campanili . The pictures in this church are the
See also:work of Marco Palmezzano (1456–1537) and others; S . Biagio and the municipal picture gallery also contain
See also:works by him . The latter has other interesting pictures, including a
See also:fresco representing an apprentice with pestle and
See also:mortar (Pestapepe), the only authentic work in Forli of Melozzo da Forli (143$–1494), an eminent
See also:master whose
See also:style was formed under the influence of
See also:Piero della Francesca, and who was the master of Palmezzano; the frescoes in the Sforza
See also:chapel in SS .
See also:Girolamo are from the former's designs, though executed by the latter . The church also contains the
See also:tomb (1466) of
See also:Barbara Manfredi . The
See also:cathedral (
See also:Santa Croce) has been almost entirely rebuilt since 1844 . The Palazzo del
See also:Podesta, now a private
See also:house, is a
See also:building of the 15th century . The citadel (Rocca Ravaldina), constructed about 1360–1370, and later rebuilt, is now used as a prison . Flavio Biondo, the first
See also:Renaissance writer on the topography of
See also:ancient Rome (1388–1463), was a native of Forli . Of the ancient Forum Livii, which
See also:lay on the Via Aemilia, hardly anything is known . In the 12th century we find Forli in
See also:league with Ravenna, and in the 13th the imperial count of the province of Romagna resided there . In 1275 Forli defeated Bologna with
See also:great loss .
See also:Martin IV. sent an army to besiege it in 1282, which was driven out after severe fighting in the streets; but the town soon afterwards surrendered . In the 14th and 15th centuries it was under the
See also:government of the Ordelaffi; and in 1500 was taken by Caesar Borgia, despite a determined resistance by Caterina Sforza, widow of Girolamo Riario . Forli finally became a
See also:part of the papal state in 1504 .
JOHANN NIKOLAUS FORKEL (1749-1818)
FORLIMPOPOLI (anc. Forum Popillii)
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