See also:town of
See also:Campania, Italy, in the province of
See also:Caserta, from which it is 48 M . W.N.W. by
See also:rail . Pop . (1901) 5514 (town); 8452 (commune) . It is situated at the N.W. extremity of the
See also:Bay of
See also:Gaeta, and commands beautiful views . It
See also:lay on the
See also:ancient Via
See also:Appia, and was much frequented as a resort by wealthy Romans . There was considerable imperial
See also:property here and along the
See also:coast as far as Sperlonga, and there are numerous remains of ancient villas along the coast and on the slopes above it . The so-called
See also:villa of
See also:Cicero contains two well-preserved nymphaea with Doric architecture .. Its site is now occupied by the villa Caposele, once a summer residence of the
See also:kings of Naples . There are many other
See also:modern villas, and the sheltered hillsides (for the mountains rise abruptly behind the town:) are covered with lemon, orange and
See also:pomegranate gardens . The now deserted promontory of the
See also:Monte Scauri to the E. isalso covered with remains of ancient villas; the
See also:hill is crowned by a large
See also:tomb, known as Torre Giano . To the E. at Scauri is a large villa with substructions in " Cyclopean "
See also:work .
The ancient Formiae was, according to the
See also:legend, the home of the
See also:Laestrygones, and later a Spartan colony ('Op d u&a ro ebopµov,
See also:Strabo v . 3, 6, p.233) . It was a Volscian town, and, like Fundi, received the civitas sine suffrag'io from Rome in 338 (or 332 B.C.) because the passage through its territory had always been secure . This was strategically important for the Romans, as the military road definitely constructed by Appius
See also:Claudius in 312 B.C., still easily traceable by its remains, and in
See also:part followed by the high-road, traversed a narrow pass, which could easily be blocked, between Fundi and Formiae . In 188 m d., with Fundi, it received the full citizenship, and, like. it, was' to a certain extent under the
See also:control of a praefectus sent from Rome, though it retained its three aediles . Mamurra was a native of Formia . Cicero possessed a favourite villa here, and was murdered in its vicinity in 43 n.c., but neither the villa nor the tomb can be identified with any certainty . It was devastated by Sextus Pompeius, and became a colony, with
See also:duoviri as chief magistrates, under
See also:Hadrian .
See also:Portus Caietae (the modern Gaeta) was dependent upon it . See T .
See also:Ashby, " Dessins inedits de Carlo Labruzzi," in Melanges de l'ecole francaise. de Rome (1903), 410 seq . (T .
JOHANN HEINRICH SAMUEL FORMEY (1711–1797)
H2CO2 FORMIC ACID
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