Online Encyclopedia

PETER FORSKAL (1736-1763)

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 673 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PETER FORSKAL (1736-1763), Swedish traveller and naturalist, was born in Kalmar in 1736. He studied at Gottingen, where he published a dissertation entitledDubia de principiis philosophiae recentioris (1756). Thence he returned to his native country,. which, however, he had to leave after the publica. tion of a pamphlet entitled Pensees sur la liberte civile(1759). By Linnaeus he was recommended to Frederick V. of Denmark. who appointed him to accompany Carsten Niebuhr in an expedition to Arabia and. Egypt in 1761. He died of the plague at Jerim. in Arabia on the 11th of July 1763. His friend and companion, Niebuhr, was entrusted with the care of editing his MSS., and published iq 1775 Descriptions animalium, avium, amphibiorum, pisciuni, inseclorum, vermium, quae in itin. Orient. observant Petrus Fors/nil. In the same year appeared also his account of the plants of Arabia Felix and of lower Egypt, under the title of Flora Aegyptiaco-ArabicĀ¢.
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