See also:CLAUDE (*745-1825), French revolutionist, called " 1'Americain," was
See also:born at Auzon (Haute-
See also:Loire) on the 21st of
See also:December 1745, the son of a poor
See also:weaver . He went to
See also:America to seek his
See also:fortune, and started at
See also:San Domingo an
See also:establishment for making tafia (an inferior quality of
See also:rum), but lost his
See also:money in a
See also:fire . Returning to France he threw himself into the Revolution with
See also:enthusiasm, and specially distinguished himself by the active
See also:part he took in the organization of the popular armed force by means of which the most famous of the revolutionary coups were effected . His influence was principally manifested in the insurrections of the 5th and 6th of
See also:October 1789, the 17th of
See also:July 1791, and the loth of
See also:June and the loth of
See also:August 1792 . He was on
See also:bad terms with the majority of the politicians, and particularly with
See also:Marat, and spent a
See also:great part of his
See also:time in prison, all the governments regarding him as an agitator and accusing him of inciting to insurrection . Arrested for the first time for trying to force an entrance into the
See also:club of the
See also:Cordeliers, from which he had been expelled, he was released, but was in prison from the 12th of December 1793 to the 21st of
See also:September 1794, and again from the 9th of
See also:March 1795 to the 26th of October 1795 . After the attempt on the First
See also:Consul in the rue Sainte-Nicaise he was deported to
See also:Guiana, but was allowed to return to France in 1809 . In 1811, while under surveillance at
See also:Auxerre, he was accused of having provoked an emeute against taxes known as the droits reunis (afterwards called contributions indirectes), and was imprisoned in the Chateau d'If, where he remained till 1814 . On the second restoration of the Bourbons Fournier was confined for about nine months in the prison of La Force . After 1816 he was
See also:left unmolested, turned royalist, and passed his last years in importuning the Restoration
See also:government for compensation for his lost
See also:property in San Domingo . He died in obscurity . For further details see preface to F .
See also:Aulard's edition of Fournier's Mimoires secrets (
See also:Paris, 1890), published by the Societe de I'histoire de la Revolution .
JOSEPH JEAN BAPTISTE XAVIER FOURNET (1801-1869)
PIERRE SIMON FOURNIER (1712-1768)
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