See also:TRADE; CORN
See also:ECONOMICS) .
See also:Cobden has
See also:left a deep mark on
See also:history, but he was not himself a " scientific economist," and many of his confident prophecies were completely falsified . As a manufacturer, and with the circumstances of his own
See also:day before him, he considered that it was " natural " for
See also:Great Britain to manufacture for the
See also:world in
See also:exchange for her free
See also:admission of the more " natural " agricultural products of other countries . He advocated the repeal of the corn-laws, not essentially in
See also:order to make
See also:food cheaper, but because it would develop
See also:industry and enable the manufacturers to get labour at low but sufficient wages; and he assumed that other countries would be unable to compete with England in manufactures under free trade, at the prices which would be possible for English manufactured products . " We
See also:advocate," he said, " nothing but what is agreeable to the highest behests of Christianity—to buy in the cheapest market, and sell in the dearest." He-believed that the
See also:rest of the world must follow England's example: " if you abolish the corn-laws honestly, and adopt free trade in its simplicity, there will not be a tariff in
See also:Europe that will not be changed in less than five years " (
See also:January 1846) . His cosmopolitanism—which makes him in the
See also:modern Imperialist's eyes a "Little Englander" of the straitest sect—led him to deplore any survival of the colonial
See also:system and to
See also:hail the removal of ties which bound the
See also:country to remote dependencies; but it was, in its day, a generous and sincere reaction against popular sentiment, and Cobden was at all events an outspoken advocate of an irresistible
See also:navy . There were enough inconsistencies in his creed to enable both sides in the
See also:recent controversies to claim him as one who if he were still alive would have supported their case in the altered circumstances; but, from the
See also:biographical point of view, these issues are hardly relevant . Cobden inevitably stands for " Cobdenism, " which is a creed largely
See also:developed by the modern free-trader in the course of subsequent years . It becomes
See also:equivalent to economic laisser-faire and " Manchesterism," and as such it must fight its own corner with those who now take into
See also:consideration many
See also:national factors which had no place in the early utilitarian individualistic regime of Cobden's own day . The standard biography is that by
See also:Morley (1881) . Cobden's speeches were collected and published in 1870 . The
See also:centenary of his
See also:birth in 1904 was celebrated by a
See also:flood of articles in the
See also:news-papers and magazines, naturally coloured by the new controversy in England over the Tariff Reform
See also:movement .
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