FREEMAN , primarily one who is
See also:free, as opposed to a slave or serf (see FEUDALISM;
See also:SLAVERY) . The
See also:term is more specifically applied to one who possesses the freedom of a city,
See also:borough or
See also:company . Before the passing of the Municipal Corporations
See also:Act 1835, each
See also:English borough admitted freemen according to its own
See also:custom and by-
See also:laws . The rights and privileges of a freeman, though varying in different boroughs, generally included the right to
See also:vote at a
See also:parliamentary election of the borough, and exemption from all tolls and dues . The act of 1835 respected existing usages, and every
See also:person who was then an admitted freeman remained one, retaining at the same
See also:time all his former rights and privileges . The
See also:admission of freemen is now regulated by the Municipal Corporations Act 1882 . By section 201 of that act the term " freeman " includes any person of the class whose rights and interests were reserved by the act of 1835 under the name either of freemen or of burgesses . By section 202 no person can be admitted a freeman by
See also:gift or by
See also:purchase; that is, only
See also:birth, servitude or
See also:marriage are qualifications . The Honorary Freedom of Boroughs Act 1885, however, makes an exception, as by that act the council of every borough may from time to time admit persons of distinction to be honorary freemen of the borough . The
See also:town clerk of every borough keeps a
See also:list, which is called " the freeman's
See also:roll," and when any person claims to be admitted a freeman in respect of birth, servitude or marriage, the mayor examines the claim, and if it is established the claimant's name is enrolled by the town clerk . A person may become a freeman or freewoman of one of the
See also:livery companies by (1) apprenticeship or servitude; (2) patrimony; (3) redemption; (4) gift . This last is purely honorary .
The most usual
See also:form of acquiring freedom was by serving apprenticeship to a freeman, free both of a company and of the city of London . By an act of
See also:common council of 1836 apprenticeship was permitted to freemen of the city who had not taken up the freedom of a company . By an act of common council of 1889 the term of service was reduced from seven years to four years . Freedom by patrimony is always granted to
See also:children of a person who has been duly admitted to the freedom . Freedom by redemption or purchase requires the payment of certain entrance fees, which vary with the
See also:standing of the company . In the Grocers' Company freedom by redemption does not exist, and in such companies as still have a
See also:trade, e.g. the Apothecaries and Stationers, it is limited to members of the trade . See W . C .
See also:Hazlitt, The Livery Companies of the City of London (1892) .
EDWARD AUGUSTUS FREEMAN (1823-1892)
Dear sir/madam I am a third generation lighterman a freeman of the river thames. I would be honoured to also be a freeman of the city of london. I understand that I need two sponsers to reccomend me, at present I have one ,is there anyone else who would vouch for me as i do not know of anyone else? yours sincerely colin purser
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