See also:American insurgent
See also:leader, was
See also:born in Pennsylvania of " Dutch " (German) descent about 1764 . As an itinerant auctioneer he became well acquainted with the Germans in the S.E.
See also:part of Pennsylvania . In
See also:July 1798, during the troubles between the
See also:United States and France, Congress levied a
See also:direct tax (on dwelling-houses, lands and slaves) of $2,000,000, of which Pennsylvania was called upon to contribute $237,000 . There were very few slaves in the state, and the tax was accordingly assessed upon dwelling-houses and
See also:land, the value of the houses being determined by the number and
See also:size of the windows . The inquisitorial nature of the proceedings aroused strong opposition among the Germans, and many of them refused to pay . Fries, assuming leadership, organized an armed
See also:band of about sixty men, who marched about the
See also:country intimidating the assessors and encouraging the
See also:people to resist . At last the
See also:governor called out the militia (
See also:March 1799) and the leaders were arrested . Fries and two others were twice tried for treason (the second
See also:time before
See also:Chase) and were sentenced to be hanged, but they were pardoned by
See also:Adams in
See also:April 1800, and a general amnesty was issued on 21St May . The affair is variously known as the "Fries
See also:Rebellion," the "Hot-
See also:Water Rebellion "—because hot water was used to drive assessors from houses—, and the " Home Tax Rebellion." Fries died in
See also:Philadelphia in 1825 . See T .
See also:Carpenter, Two Trials of
See also:John Fries ... Taken in
See also:hand (Philadelphia, r800) ; the second
See also:volume of McMaster's
See also:History of the United States (New
See also:York, 1883) ; and W .
W . H .
See also:Davis, The Fries Rebellion (Doylestown, Pa., 1899) .
ELIAS MAGNUS FRIES (1794–1878)
FRIESLAND, or VRIESLAND
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