Online Encyclopedia

FUSTIC (Fr. fusloc, from Arab. fustuq...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V11, Page 375 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FUSTIC (Fr. fusloc, from Arab. fustuq, Gr. =rw-r&Krl, pistachio) YELLOW Woos or OLD FusTIC, a dye-stuff consisting of the wood of Chlorophora tinctoria, a large tree of the natural order Moraceae, growing in the West Indies and tropical America. Fustic occurs in commerce in blocks, which are brown without, and of a brownish-yellow within. It is sometimes employed for inlaid work. The dye-stuff termed young fustic or Zante fustic, and also Venetian sumach, is the wood of Rhus cotinus (fustet, or smoke tree), a southern European and Asiatic shrub of the natural order Anacardiaceae, called by Gerarde " red sumach," and apparently the " coccygia " and " cotinus " of Pliny (Nat. Hist. xiii. 41, xvi. 30). Its colouring matter is fisetin, C15H1006, which was synthesized by S. von Kostanecki (Ber., 1904, 37, p. 384). (See DYEING.)
End of Article: FUSTIC (Fr. fusloc, from Arab. fustuq, Gr. =rw-r&Krl, pistachio) YELLOW
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