Bible, the heavenly messenger (seeEnd of Article: GABRIEL (Heb. SKns, man of God)
See also:ANGEL) sent to Daniel to explain the vision of the ram and the he-
See also:goat, and to communicate the pre-diction of the Seventy
See also:Weeks (
See also:Dan. viii . 16, ix . 21) . He was also employed to announce the
See also:birth of
See also:John the Baptist to
See also:Zacharias, and that of the
See also:Messiah to the Virgin Mary (Luke i . 19, 26) . Because he stood in the divine presence (see Luke i . 19; Rev. viii . 2; and cf .
See also:Tobit xii . 15), both Jewish and Christian writers generally speak of him as an archangel . In the
See also:Book of
See also:Enoch " the four
See also:great archangels" are Michael, Uriel, Suriel or
See also:Raphael, and
See also:Gabriel, who is set over " all the
See also:powers " and shares the
See also:work of intercession . His name frequently occurs in the Jewish literature of the later
See also:period .
Thus, according to the
See also:Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, he was the man who showed the way to
See also:Joseph (Gen.
See also:xxxvii . 15); and in Deut. xxxiv . 6 it is affirmed that he, along with Michael, Uriel, Jophiel, Jephephiah and the Metatron, buried the
See also:body of Moses . In the Targum on 2 Chron. xxxu . 21 he is named as the angel who destroyed the
See also:host of Sennacherib; and in similar writings of a still later period he is spoken of as the spirit who presides over
See also:thunder, the ripening of the fruits of the
See also:earth and similar processes .
EMILE GABORIAU (1833–1873)
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