See also:American patriot, was
See also:born in
See also:Charleston, South Carolina, in 1724 . His
See also:Thomas Gadsden, was for a
See also:time the
See also:collector for the
See also:port of Charleston . Christopher went to school near
See also:Bristol, in England, returned to
See also:America in 1741, was afterwards employed in a counting
See also:house in
See also:Philadelphia, and became a
See also:merchant and planter at Charleston . In 1759 he was captain of an
See also:company in an expedition against the Cherokees . He was a member of the South Carolina legislature almost continuously from 176o to 178o, and represented his province in the
See also:Act Congress of 1765 and in the
See also:Continental Congress in 1774-1776 . In
See also:February 1776 he was placed in command of all the military forces of South Carolina, and in
See also:October of the same
See also:year was commissioned a brigadier-general and was taken into the Continental service: but on account of a dispute arising out of a conflict between state and Federal authority resigned his command in 1777 . He was
See also:governor of his state in 1780, when Charleston was surrendered to the
See also:British . For about three months following this event he was held as a prisoner on parole within the limits of Charleston; then, because of his influence in deterring others from exchanging their paroles for the privileges of British subjects, he was seized, taken to St Augustine,
See also:Florida, and there, because he would not give another parole to those who had violated the former agreement affecting him, he was confined for
See also:weeks in a
See also:dungeon . In 1782 Gadsden was again elected a member of his state legislature; he was also elected governor, but declined to serve on the ground that he was too old and infirm; in 1788 he was a member of the
See also:convention which ratified for South Carolina the Federal constitution; and in 1790 he was a member of the convention which framed the new state constitution . He died in Charleston on the 28th of
See also:August 1805 . From the time that Governor Thomas Boone, in 1762, pronounced his election to the legislature improper, and dissolved the House in consequence, Gadsden was hostile to the British administration . He was an ardent
See also:leader of the opposition to the Stamp Act, advocating even then a separation of the colonies from the
See also:country; and in the Continental Congress of 1774 he discussed the situation on the basis of inalienable rights and liberties, and urged an immediate attack on General Thomas Gage, that he might be defeated before receiving reinforcements .
GADOLINIUM (symbol Gd., atomic weight 157.3)
JAMES GADSDEN (1788-1858)
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