FREIHERR VON CHRISTOPH BERNHARD GALEN (16o6-1678) ,
See also:bishop of Munster, belonged to a
See also:noble Westphalian
See also:family, and was
See also:born on the 12th of
See also:October 16o6 . Reduced to poverty through the loss of his paternal
See also:inheritance, he took
See also:holy orders; but this did not prevent him from fighting on the side of the emperor
See also:Ferdinand III. during the concluding stages of the
See also:Thirty Years' War . In 165o he succeeded Ferdinand of
See also:Bavaria, archbishop of Cologne, as bishop of Munster . After restoring some degree of peace and prosperity in his principality, Galen had to contend with a formidable insurrection on the
See also:part of the citizens of Munster; but at length this was crushed, and the bellicose bishop, who maintained a strong army, became an important personage in
See also:Europe . In 1664 he was chosen one of the
See also:directors of the imperial army raised to fight the Turk;and after the peace which followed the Christian victory at St Gotthard in
See also:August 1664, he aided the
See also:Charles II. in his war with the Dutch, until the intervention of
See also:Louis XIV. and
See also:William I. of
See also:Brandenburg compelled him to make a disadvantageous peace in 1666 . When Galen again attacked
See also:Holland six years later he was in
See also:alliance with Louis, but he soon deserted his new friend, and fought for the emperor
See also:Leopold I. against France . Afterwards in conjunction with Brandenburg and Denmark he attacked Charles XI. of Sweden, and conquered the duchy of
See also:Bremen . He died at Ahaus on the 19th of
See also:September 1678 . Galen showed himself anxious to reform the
See also:church, but his chief energies were directed to increasing his power and
See also:prestige . See K . Tucking, Geschichte
See also:des Stifts Munster unter C . B. von Galen (Munster, 1865); P .
See also:van Galen, Vorst-Bisschop van Munster (
See also:Rotterdam, 1872) ; A . Basing, Furstbischof C . B. von Galen (Munster, 1887); and C . Brinkmann in the English
See also:Historical Review, vol. xxi . (1906) . There is in the
See also:British Museum a poem printed in 1666, entitled
See also:Letter to the bishop of Munster containing a Panegyrick of his heroick achievements in heroick
See also:verse .
GALEN (or GALENUS), CLAUDIUS
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