See also:Austrian soldier; first saw service in
See also:Flanders, and in Savoy with the Spaniards, and subsequently joined the forces of the Catholic
See also:League as captain . On the general outbreak of hostilities in Germany, Gallas, as colonel ,of an
See also:infantry regiment, distinguished himself, especially at the
See also:battle of Stadtlohn (1623) . In 163o he was serving as General-Feldwachtmeister under Collalto in Italy, and was mainly instrumental in the capture of
See also:Mantua . Made count of the
See also:Empire for this service,he returned to Germany for the
See also:campaign against Gustavus
See also:Adolphus . In command of a
See also:corps of Wallenstein's army, he covered Bohemia against the Swedes in 1631–1632, and served at the Alte Veste near
See also:Nuremberg, and at Liitzen . Further
See also:good service against Bernhard of Saxe-
See also:Weimar commended General Gallas to the
See also:notice of the emperor, who made him
See also:lieutenant-general in his own army . He was one of the chief conspirators against Wallenstein, and after the tragedy of Eger was appointed to the command of the army which Wallenstein had formed and led . At the
See also:great battle of
See also:Nordlingen (23rd of
See also:August 1634) in which the army of Sweden was almost annihilated, Gallas commanded the victorious Imperialists . His next command was in
See also:Lorraine, but even the Moselle valley had suffered so much from the ravages of war that his army perished of want . Still more was this the case in
See also:northern Germany, where Gallas commanded against the
See also:Swedish general Baner in 1637 and 1638, At first
See also:driving the Swedes before him, in the end he made a
See also:complete failure of the campaign, lost his command, and was subject to much ridicule . It was, however, rather the indiscipline of his men (the baneful
See also:legacy of Wallenstein's methods) than his own faults which brought about his disastrous retreat across
See also:North Germany, and at a moment of crisis he was recalled to endeavour to stop Torstenson's victorious advance, only to be shut up in
See also:Magdeburg, whence he escaped with the barest remnant of his forces . Once more relieved of his command, he was again recalled to make
See also:head against the Swedes in 1645 (after their victory at Jankow) .
Beforelong, old and warworn, he resigned his command, and died in 1647 at Vienna . His army had earned for itself the reputation of being the most cruel and rapacious force even in the
See also:Thirty Years' War, and his Merode Brilder have survived in the word marauder . Like many other generals of that
See also:period, he had acquired much
See also:wealth and great territorial possessions (the latter mostly his
See also:share of Wallenstein's estates) . He was the founder of the Austrian
See also:family of Clam-Gallas, which furnished many distinguished soldiers to the Imperial army .
ALBERT GALLATIN (1761-1849)
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