GALLIPOLIS , acity and the
See also:county-seat of Gallia county,
See also:Ohio, U . S . A., on the Ohio
See also:river, about 125 M . E. by S. of
See also:Cincinnati . Pop . (1890) 4498; (1900) 5432 (852 negroes); (19io) 556o . It is served by the an 'wha & Michiran (Ohio Central Lines) and the Hocking Valley
See also:railways, and (at Gallipolis
See also:Ferry, West Virginia, across the Ohio) by the Baltimore & Ohio railway . The city is built on a level site several feet above the river's high-
See also:water mark . It has a
See also:United States marine hospital and a state hospital for epileptics . Among the city's manufactures are
See also:lumber, furniture, iron, stoves,
See also:flour and brooms . The
See also:municipality owns and operates its waterworks . Gallipolis was settled in 1790 by. colonists from France, who had received worthless deeds to lands in Ohio from the Scioto
See also:Company, founded by Col .
See also:William Duer (1747–1799) and others in 1787 and officially organized in 1789 as the Compagnie du Scioto in
See also:Paris by Joel Barlow, the
See also:agent of Duer and his associates abroad, William Playfair, an Englishman, and six Frenchmen . This company had arranged with the Ohio Company in 1787 for the use of about 4,000,000 acres, N. of the Ohio and E. of the Scioto, on which the Ohio Company had secured an option only . The dishonesty of those who conducted the sales in France, the unbusinesslike methods of Barlow, and the failure of Duer and his associates to meet their contract with the Ohio Company, caused the collapse of the Scioto Company early in 1790, and two subsequent attempts to revive it failed . Meanwhile about 150,000 acres had been sold to prospective settlers in France, and in
See also:October 1790 the French immigrants, who had been detained for two months at Alexandria, Virginia, arrived on the site of Gallipolis, where
See also:rude huts had been built for them . This land, however, fell within the limits of the
See also:tract bought outright by the Ohio Company, which sold it to the Scioto Company, and to which it reverted on the failure of the Scioto Company to pay . In 1794 William
See also:attorney-general of the United States, decided that all rights in the 4,000,000 acres, on which the Ohio Company had secured an option for the Scioto Company, were legally vested in the Ohio Company . In 1795 the Ohio Company sold to the French settlers for $1.25 an acre the land they occupied and adjacent improved lots, and the United States
See also:government granted to them 24,000 acres in the
See also:part of what is now Scioto County in 1795; little of this land (still known as the " French
See also:Grant "), however, was ever occupied by them . Gallipolis was incorporated as a
See also:village in 1842, and was first chartered as a city in 1865 . See
See also:Theodore T . Belote, The Scioto
See also:Speculation and the French Settlement at Gallipolis (Cincinnati, 1907), series 2, vol. iii . No . 3 of the University Studies of the University of Cincinnati .
GALLIPOLI (anc. Callipolis)
DEMETRIUS AUGUSTINE GALLITZIN (1770-1840)
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