GAME , a word which in its
See also:primary and widest significance means any amusement or
See also:sport, often combined in the early examples with "
See also:glee," "
See also:play," " joy " or " solace." It is a
See also:common Teutonic word, in O . Eng. gamen, in O.H.G. gaman, but only appears in
See also:modern usage outside
See also:English in
See also:Dan. gammon and Swed. gammon . The ulterior derivation is obscure, but philologists have identified it with the Goth. gaman,
See also:companion or companionship; if this be so, it is compounded of the prefix ga-, with, and the
See also:root seen in " man." Apart from its primary and general meaning the word has two specific applications, first to a contest played as a recreation or as an
See also:exhibition of skill, in accordance with rules and regulations; and, secondly, to those
See also:wild animals which are the
See also:objects of the
See also:chase, and their flesh as used for
See also:food, distinguished as such from
See also:fish and poultry, and from the flesh of
See also:deer, to which the name "
See also:venison " is given . For " game," from the legal aspect, and the
See also:relating to its pursuit and capture see GAME LAWS . The athletic contests of the
See also:ancient Greeks (ayiaves) and the public shows (ludi) of the
See also:arena and amphitheatre of the ancient Romans are treated below (
See also:GAMES, CLASSICAL); the various forms of modern games, indoor and outdoor, whether of skill, strength or
See also:chance, are dealt with under their specific titles . A
See also:special use ("gaming" or "gambling") restricts the
See also:term to the playing of games for
See also:money, or to betting and wagering on the results of events, as in
See also:horse-racing, &c . (see GAMING AND WAGERING) . " Gamble," " gambler " and " gambling " appear very
See also:late in English . The earliest quotations in the New English
See also:Dictionary for the three words are dated 1775, 1747 and 1784 respectively . They were first regarded as cant or
See also:slang words, and implied a reproach, either as referring to cheats or sharpers, or to those who played recklessly for extravagant stakes . The
See also:form of the words is obscure, but is supposed to represent a
See also:local variation gammle of the M.E. gamenian . From this word must, of course, be distinguished " gambol," to sport, frisk, which, as the older forms (gambald, gambaud) show, is from the Fr. gambade, leap, jump, of a horse, It. gambado, gamba,
See also:leg (Mod .
Fr. jambe) .
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