Online Encyclopedia

GAOL, or JAIL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V11, Page 455 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GAOL, or JAIL, a prison (q.v.). The two forms of the word are due to the parallel dual forms in Old Central and Norman French respectively, jaiole or jaole, and gaiole or geyolle. The common origin is the med. Lat. gabiole, a diminutive formed from caved, a hollow, a den, from which the English "cave " is derived. The form " gaol " still commonly survives in English, and is in official usage, e.g. " gaol-delivery," but the common pronunciation of both words, " jail," shows the real surviving word.
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