See also:born in England, though most of his
See also:life was spent in France .
See also:John Bale in his Catalogus, and John Pits, following Bale, placed him among the writers of the 11th century . The
See also:main facts of his life, however, are stated in a long poem De triumphis ecclesiae contained in
See also:Cotton MS .
See also:Claudius A x in the
See also:British Museum, and edited by
See also:Wright for the
See also:Club in 1856 .
See also:Garland narrates the
See also:history of his
See also:time from the point of view of the victories gained by the
See also:church over heretics at home and infidels abroad . He studied at
See also:Oxford under a certain John of
See also:London, whom it is difficult to distinguish from others _of the same name; but he must have been in
See also:Paris in or before 1202, for he mentions as one of his teachers Alain de
See also:Lisle, who died in that
See also:year or the next . Garland was one of the
See also:pro-. fessors chosen in 1229 for the new university of Toulouse, and remained in the south during the Albigensian crusade, of which he gives a detailed account in books iv.-vi . In 1232 or 1233 the hatred of the
See also:people made further residence in Toulouse unsafe for the professors of the university, who had been installed by the Catholic party . Garland was one of the first to fly, and the
See also:rest of his life was spent in Paris, where he finished his poem in 1252 . Garland's grammatical
See also:works were much used in England, and were often printed by
See also:Richard Pynson and Wynkyn de Worde . He was also a voluminous Latin poet . Works on
See also:mathematics and
See also:music have also been assigned to him, but the ascription may have arisen from confusion of his works with those of Gerlandus, a
See also:canon of
See also:Besancon in the 12th century .
See also:treatise on
See also:alchemy, Compendium alchimiae, often printed under his name, was by a 14th-century writer named
See also:Ortolan, or Lortholain . The best known of his poems beside the " De Triumphis 1 i.e . Maurienne, now a
See also:district and
See also:diocese (St
See also:Jean de Maurienne) of Savoy . Ecclesiae " is " Epithalamium beatae Mariae Virginis,"contained in the same MS . Among his other works are his " Dictionarius," a Latin vocabulary, printed by T . Wright in the Library of
See also:National Antiquities (vol. i., 1857); Compendium totius grammatices . . printed at
See also:Deventer, 1489; two metrical
See also:treatises, entitled Synonyma and Equivoca, frequently printed at the close of the 15th century . For further
See also:bibliographical information see the British Museum
See also:catalogue; J . A . Fabncius, Bibliotheca
See also:Latina mediae et infimae aetatis ., vol. iii . (1754); G .
See also:Manuel du libraire, &c .
See also Histoire lilt. de la France, vols. viii., xxi.,
See also:xxiii. and
See also:xxx.; the prefaces to the
See also:editions by T . Wright mentioned above; P .
See also:Meyer, La Chanson de la croisade contre
See also:les Albigeois, vol. ii. pp. xxi-xxiii . (Paris, 1875) ; Dr A . Scheler, Lexicographie latine du XIP et du XIIP siecles (
See also:Leipzig, 1867) ; the article by C . L .
See also:Kingsford in the
See also:Diet . Nat . Biog., giving a
See also:list also of the works on alchemy, mathematics and music, rightly or wrongly ascribed to him; E . Sandys, Hist. of Class . Schol. i . (1906) 549 .
GARIN LE LOHERAIN
GARLIC (O. Eng. gdrledc, i.e. " spear-leek "; Gr. o...
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