See also:born at St Etienne on the 25th of
See also:July 1839 . He entered the
See also:navy, and after voyaging in Brazilian
See also:waters and the Pacific he obtained a
See also:post on the
See also:staff of
See also:Admiral Charner, who from 186o to 1862 was campaigning in
See also:China . After some
See also:time spent in France he returned to the East, and in 1862 he was appointed inspector of the natives in Cochin-China, and entrusted with the administration of Cho-lon, a suburb of
See also:Saigon . It was at his
See also:suggestion that the
See also:marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat determined to send a
See also:mission to explore the valley of the Mekong, but as
See also:Garnier was not considered old enough to be put in command, the chief authority was entrusted to Captain Doudart de Lags-6e . In the course of the expedition—to quote the words of
See also:Roderick Murchison addressed to the youthful traveller when, in 187o, he was presented with the
See also:Victoria Medal of the Royal
See also:Geographical Society of London—from Kratie in
See also:Cambodia to
See also:Shanghai 5392 M. were traversed, and of these 3625 m., chiefly of
See also:country unknown to
See also:European geography, were surveyed with care, and the positions fixed by astronomical observations, nearly the whole of the observations being taken by Garnier himself . Volunteering to lead a detachment to Talifu, the capital of Sultan
See also:Suleiman, the
See also:sovereign of the
See also:Mahommedan rebels in Yunnan, he success-fully carried out the more than adventurous enterprise . When shortly afterwards Lagree died, Garnier naturally assumed the command of the expedition, and he conducted it in safety to the Yang-tsze-Kiang, and thus to the
See also:coast . On his return to France he was received with
See also:enthusiasm . The preparation of his narrative was interrupted by the Franco-German War, and during the
See also:siege of
See also:Paris he served as
See also:principal staff officer to the admiral in command of the eighth " sector." His experiences during the siege were published anonymously in the feuilleton of Le Temps, and appeared separately as Le Siege de Paris, journal d'un officier de marine (1871) . Returning to Cochin-China he found the
See also:political circumstances of the country unfavourable to further exploration, and accordingly he went to China, and in 1873 followed the upper course of the Yang-tsze-Kiang to the waterfalls . He was next commissioned by Admiral
See also:governor of Cochin-China, to found a French
See also:protectorate or a new colony in
See also:Tongking . On the 20th of
See also:November 1873 he took
See also:Hanoi, the capital of Tongking, and on the 21st of
See also:December he was slain in fight with the Black Flags .
His chief fame rests on the fact that he originated theidea of exploring the Mekong, and carried out the larger portion of the
See also:work . The narrative of the principal expedition appeared in 1873, as Voyage d'exploration en Indo-Chine effectue pendant
See also:les annees z866, 2867 et 1868, publie sous la direction de M .
See also:Francis Garnier, avec le contours de M . Delaporte et de MM .
See also:Joubert et Thorel (2 vols.) . An account of the Yang-tsze-Kiang from Garnier's
See also:pen is given in the Bulletin de la
See also:Soc. de Geog . (1874) . His Chronique royale du Cambodje, was reprinted from the Journal Asiatique in 1872 . See Ocean Highways (1874) for a memoir by Colonel Yule; and Hugh Clifford, Further India, in the
See also:Story of Exploration series (1904) .
JEAN LOUIS CHARLES GARNIER (1825-1898)
ROBERT GARNIER (c. 1545–c.1600)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.