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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 769 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GCDEFG. This was the most common scheme for the short octave during the 16th and 17th centuries, although others are occasionally found. Praetorius also gives examples in which the black notes of the short octave were divided into two halves, or separate keys, the forward ' See the original Greek with translation by Charles Maclean in " The Principle of the Hydraulic Organ," Intern. Musikges. vi. 2, 219-220 (Leipzig 1905). See Clement Loret's account in Revue archeologique, pp. 76-102 (Paris, 189o). Early Hist. of Spanish Music (London, 1807). Reproduced by Dr Alwin Schulz in Deutsches Leben im XIV. u. X V. Jhdt., figs. 522 seq. (Vienna, 1892). " De diversis monocordis, pentacordis, etc., ex quibus diversa formantur instrumenta musica," reproduced by Edm. van der Straeten in Hist. de la musique aux Pays-Bas, i. 278. half for the drone note, the back half for the chromatic semitone, thus: Ftl IG# b E Bb C F GAB C This arrangement, which accomplishes its object without sacrifice, was to be found early in the 17th century in the organs of the monasteries of Riddageshausen and of Bayreuth in Vogtland. See A. J. Hipkins, History of the Pianoforte (London, 1896), and the older works of Girolamo Diruta (1597), Praetorius (1618), and Mersenne (1636). (K. S.)
End of Article: GCDEFG
GEAR (connected with " garb," properly elegance, fa...

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