See also:term which, from its pointing to all or most of the members of a class, the whole of an
See also:area, &c., as opposed to" particular " or to "
See also:local," is hence used in various shades of meaning, for that which is prevalent, usual, widespread or
See also:miscellaneous, indefinite, vague . It has been added to the titles of various officials, military
See also:officers and others; thus the
See also:head of a religious
See also:order is the "
See also:superior-general," more usually the " general," and we find the same combination in such offices as that of " accountant-general," " postmaster-general," "
See also:attorney-" or "
See also:solicitor-general,"and many others, the additional word implying that the official in question is of superior
See also:rank, as having a wider II authority or sphere of activity . This is the use that accounts for the application of the term, as a substantive, to a military officer of superior rank, a " general officer," or " general," who commands or administers bodies of troops larger than a regiment, or consisting of more than one
See also:arm of the service (see also OFFICERS) . It was towards the end of the 16th century that the word began to be used in its
See also:present sense as a noun, and in the armies of the
See also:time the " general " was
See also:commander-in-chief, the "
See also:lieutenant-general " commander of the
See also:horse and second in command of the army, and the " major-general " (strictly " sergeant-major-general ") commander of the
See also:foot and chief of the
See also:staff .
See also:Field marshals, who have now the highest rank, were formerly subordinate to the general officers . These titles—general, lieutenant-general and major-general—are still applied in most armies to the first, second and third grades of general officer, and in the French service until 1870 the chief of the staff of the army
See also:bore the title of major-general . In the German and
See also:Russian services the three grades are qualified by the addition of the words " of
See also:cavalry," " of
See also:infantry " and " of
See also:artillery." The French service possesses only two grades, " general of
See also:brigade " and " general of division." The
See also:Austrian service has two ranks of general officers
See also:peculiar to itself, " lieutenant field marshal,"
See also:equivalent to lieutenant-general, and Feldzeugmeister (
See also:master of the
See also:ordnance), equivalent to the German general of infantry or artillery . There is also the rank of " general of cavalry." The
See also:Spanish army still retains the old term " captain-general." In the German service General Oberst (colonel-general) and General Feldzeugmeister (master-general of ordnance) are ranks intermediate between that of full general and that of general field marshal .
GENERAL AUTHORITIES ON TECIINIQUE
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