See also:surface of the
See also:earth . The fundamental basis of geography is the vertical
See also:relief of the earth's crust, which controls all
See also:mobile distributions . The grander features of the relief of the lithosphere or stony crust of the earth
See also:control the distribution of the hydrosphere or collected
See also:waters which gather into the hollows, filling them up to a height corresponding to the
See also:volume, and thus producing the important
See also:practical division of the surface into
See also:land and
See also:water . The distribution of the mass of the atmosphere over the surface of the earth is also controlled by the relief of the crust, its greater or lesser
See also:density at the surface corresponding to the lesser or greater
See also:elevation of the surface . The simplicity of the zonal distribution of solar energy on the earth's surface, which would characterize a
See also:uniform globe, is entirely destroyed by the dissimilar
See also:action of land and water with regard to radiant
See also:heat, and by the influence of crust-forms on the direction of the resulting circulation . The influence of
See also:physical environment becomes clearer and stronger when the distribution of plant and animal
See also:life is considered, and if it is less distinct in the case of man, the reason is found in the modifications of environment consciously produced by human effort . Geography is a synthetic science, dependent for the data with which it deals on the results` of specialized sciences such as astronomy, geology, oceanography, meteorology,
See also:biology and anthropology, as well as on topographical description . The physical and natural sciences are concerned in geography only so far as they
See also:deal with the forms of the earth's surface, or as regards the distribution of phenomena . The distinctive task of geography as a science is to investigate the control exercised by the crust-forms directly or indirectly upon the various mobile distributions . This gives to it unity and definiteness, and renders superfluous the attempts that have been made from
See also:time to time to define the limits which
See also:divide geography from geology on the one
See also:hand and from
See also:history on the other . It is essential to classify the subject-
See also:matter of geography in such a manner as to give prominence not only to facts, but to their mutual relations and their natural and inevitable
See also:order .
GEOID (from Gr. yij, the earth)
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