See also:born at Damvilliers (Meuse), on the 4th of
See also:April 1773 . He joined a
See also:battalion of
See also:volunteers in 1791, and served in the
See also:campaigns of 1792–1793 under Generals Dumouriez and Jourdan . In 1795 he accompanied Bernadotte as aide-de-
See also:camp . In 1799 he was promoted chef d'escadron, and in 1800 colonel . He distinguished himself at the battles of
See also:Austerlitz and
See also:Jena, and was made general of
See also:brigade in
See also:November 18o6, and for his conduct in the
See also:battle of
See also:Wagram he was created a baron . In the
See also:campaign of 18ro and 1811 he gained
See also:special distinction at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor; and in the expedition to Russia he was
See also:present at
See also:Smolensk and Valutina, and displayed such bravery and ability in the battle of
See also:Borodino that he was made general .of division . Ile won further distinction in the disastrous retreat from Moscow . In the campaign of 1813, in command of a division, he took
See also:part in the battles of Liitzen and
See also:Bautzen and the operations of Marshal
See also:Macdonald, and at the battle of
See also:Leipzig (in which he commanded the XI.
See also:corps) he was dangerously wounded . After the battle of Bautzen he was created by
See also:Napoleon a count of the
See also:empire . In the campaign of France of 1814, and especially at La Rothiere and
See also:Montereau, he won still greater distinction . After the first restoration he was named by
See also:Louis XVIII.
See also:cross of the
See also:Legion of
See also:Honour and chevalier of St Louis . In the
See also:Hundred Days Napoleon made
See also:Gerard a peer of France and placed him in command of the IV. corps of the Army of the
See also:North .
In this capacity Gerard took a brilliant part in the battle of Ligny (see
See also:WATERLOO CAMPAIGN), and on the
See also:morning of the 18th of
See also:June he was foremost in advising Marshal Grouchy to
See also:march to the sound of the guns . Gerard retired to Brussels after the fall of Napoleon, and did not return to France till 1817 . He sat as a member of the chamber of deputies in 1822–1824, and was re-elected in 1827 . He took part in the revolution of 183o, after which he was appointed
See also:minister of war and named a marshal of France . On account of his
See also:health he resigned the
See also:office of war minister in the
See also:October following, but in 1831 he took the command of the
See also:northern army, and was successful in thirteen days in
See also:driving the army of
See also:Holland out of Belgium . In 1832 he commanded the besieging army in the famous scientific
See also:siege of the citadel of Antwerp . He was again chosen war minister in
See also:July 1834, but resigned in the October following . In 1836 he was named grand chancellor of the Legion of Honour in succession to Marshal Mortier, and in 1838
See also:commander of the
See also:Guards of the
See also:Seine, an office which he held till 1842 . He became a senator under the empire in 1852, and died on the 17th of April in the same
See also:year .
GERARD OF CREMONA (c. I114-1187)
BARON FRANCOIS GERARD (1770-1837)
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