Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V11, Page 767 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GERENUK, the Somali name of a long-necked aberrant gazelle, commonly known as . Waller's gazelle (Lithocranius walleri), and ranging from Somaliland to Kilimanjaro. The long neck and limbs, coupled with peculiarities in the structure of the skull, entitle the gerenuk, which is a large species, to represent a genus. The horns of the bucks are heavy, and have a peculiar forward curvature at the tips; the colour of the coat is red-fawn, with a broad brown band down the back. Gerenuk are browsing ruminants, and, in Somaliland, are found in small family-parties, and feed more by browsing on the branches and leaves of trees and shrubs than by grazing. Frequently they raise themselves by standing on their hind-legs with the fore-feet resting against the trunk of the-tree on which they are feeding. Their usual pace is an awkward trot, not unlike that of a camel; and they seldombreak into a gallop. The Somali form has been separated as L. sclateri, but is not more than a local race. (See ANTELOPE.) GERGOVIA (mod. Gergovie), in ancient geography, the chief town of the Arverni, situated on a hill in the Auvergne, about 8 m. from the Puy de Dome, France. Julius Caesar attacked it in 52 B.C., but was beaten off; some walls and earthworks seem still to survive from this period. Later, when Gaul had been subdued, the place was dismantled and its Gaulish inhabitants resettled 4 M. away in the plain at the new Roman city of Augustonemetum (mod. Clermont-Ferrand).
End of Article: GERENUK

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