GERIZIM , a
See also:mountain in the
See also:country of
See also:Samaria, 2849 ft. above the
See also:sea-level, and enclosing, with its
See also:companion Ebal, the valley in which lies the
See also:town of Nablus (
See also:Shechem) . It is the
See also:holy place of the community of the
See also:Samaritans, who hold that it was the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac—a tradition accepted by Dean
See also:Stanley but no other western writers of importance . Here, on the formal entrance of the Israelites into the possession of the Promised
See also:Land, were pronounced the blessings connected with a faithful observance of the
See also:law (Josh. viii . 33, 34; cf . Dent. xi . 29, 30,
See also:xxvii . 12-26), the six tribes, Simeon, Levi,
See also:Judah, Issachar,
See also:Joseph and Benjamin,
See also:standing here for the purpose while the remaining tribes stood on Ebal to accept the curses attached to specific violations thereof . Gerizim was probably chosen as the
See also:mount of blessing as being on the right
See also:hand, the fortunate side, of a spectator facing east . The
See also:suggestion of
See also:Eusebius and
See also:Jerome that the Ebal and Gerizim associated with this solemnity were not the Shechem mountains at all, but two small hills near
See also:Jericho, is no longer considered important . From this mountain Jotham spoke his parable to the elders of Shechem (Judg. ix . 7) .
See also:Manasseh, the son of the Jewish high-
See also:priest in the days of Nehemiah, married the daughter of Sanballat and, about 432 B.C., erected on this mountain a
See also:temple for the Samaritans; it was destroyed by
See also:Hyrcanus about 300 years afterwards .
Its site is a small level
See also:plateau a little under the
See also:summit of the mountain . Close to this is the place where the
See also:Passover is still annually celebrated in exact accordance with the
See also:rites prescribed in the
See also:Pentateuch . On the summit of the mountain, which commands a view embracing the greater
See also:part of
See also:Palestine, are a small Moslem
See also:shrine and the ruins of a
See also:castle probably dating from Justinian's
See also:time . There was an octagonal
See also:church here, but the
See also:foundations alone remain .
See also:Josephus describes it as the highest of the mountains of Samaria, but Ebal and Tell Azur are both higher . (R . A . S .
JEAN LOUIS ANDRE THEODORE GERICAULT (1791-1824)
BARON DE ETIENNE CONSTANTIN GERLACHE
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