Online Encyclopedia

GERMAN EAST AFRICA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V11, Page 774 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GERMAN EAST AFRICA, a country occupying the east-central portion of the African continent. The colony extends at its greatest length north to south from 1° to I1° S., and west to east from 300 to 400 E. It is bounded E. by the Indian Ocean (the coast-line extending from 40 20' to 10° 40' S.), N.E. and N. by British East Africa and Uganda, W. by Belgian Congo, S.W. by British Central Africa and S. by Portuguese East Africa. Area and Boundaries.—On the north the boundary line runs N.W. from the mouth of the Umba river to Lake Jipe and Mount Kili- manjaro, including both in the protectorate, and 'thence to Victoria Nyanza; crossing it at i° S., which parallel it follows till it reaches 3o° E. In the west the frontier is as follows: From the point of intersection of I° S. and 3o° E., a line running S. and S.W. to the north-west end of Lake Kivu, thence across that lake near its western shore, and along the river Rusizi, which issues from it, to the spot where the Rusizi enters the north end of Lake Tanganyika; along the middle line of Tanganyika to near its southern end, when it is deflected eastward to the point where the river Kalambo enters the lake (thus leaving the southern end of Tanganyika to Great Britain). From this point the frontier runs across the plateau between Lakes Tanganyika and Nyasa, in its southern section following the course of the river Songwe. Thence it goes down the middle of Nyasa as far as II° 3o' S. The southern frontier goes direct from the last-named point eastward to the Rovuma river, which separates German and Portuguese territory. A little before the Indian Ocean is reached the frontier is deflected south so as to leave the mouth of the Rovuma in German East Africa. These boundaries include an area of about 364,000 sq. m. (nearly double the size of Germany), with a population estimated in 1910 at 8,000,000. Of A 3~ B 36° 4° D IUGAN C End of Article: GERMAN EAST AFRICA
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