See also:Roman Catholic
See also:cardinal and archbishop, was
See also:born in Baltimore,
See also:Maryland, on the 23rd of
See also:July 1834, and was educated at St
See also:College, Ellicott City, Maryland, and St Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, where he finished his theological training and was ordained
See also:priest on the 3oth of
See also:June 1861 . After a
See also:time spent on the
See also:missions of Baltimore, he was called to be secretary to Arch-
See also:Martin J . Spalding and assistant at the
See also:cathedral . When in 1866 the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore considered the
See also:matter of new diocesan developments, he was selected to organize the new Vicariate Apostolic of
See also:North Carolina; and was consecrated bishop in
See also:August 1868 . During the four successful years spent in North Carolina he wrote, for the benefit of his
See also:work, The Faith of our Fathers, a brief presentation of the doctrines of the Roman Catholic
See also:Church, especially intended to reach Protestants; the books passed through more than
See also:editions in
See also:America and about seventy in England, and an answer was made to it in Faith of our Forefathers (1879), by
See also:Edward J . Stearns . Gibbons was transferred to the see of
See also:Richmond, Virginia, in 1872, and in 1877 was made coadjutor, with the right of succession, to the Archbishop (
See also:James R . Bayley) of Baltimore . In
See also:October of the same
See also:year he succeeded to the archbishopric .
See also:Leo XIII. in 1883 selected him to preside over the Third Plenary Council in Baltimore (1884), and on the 3oth of June 1886 created him a cardinal priest, with the title of
See also:Santa Maria Trastevere . His simplicity of
See also:life, foresight and prudence made him a power in the church . Thoroughly American, and a
See also:lover of the
See also:people, he greatly altered the attitude of the Roman Catholic Church toward the Knights of Labor and other labour organizations, and his public utterances displayed the true instincts of a popular
See also:leader .
He contributed frequently to
See also:periodicals, but as an author is known principally by his
See also:works on religious subjects, including Our Christian Heritage (1889) and The
See also:Ambassador of Christ (1896) . For many years an ardent
See also:advocate of the
See also:establishment of a Catholic university, at the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore (1884) he saw the realization of his desires in the establishment of the Catholic University of America at
See also:Washington, of which he became, first chancellor and
See also:president of the
See also:board of trustees .
GRINLING GIBBONS (1648-1721)
ORLANDO GIBBONS (1583-1625)
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