GIESSEN , a
See also:town of Germany, capital of the province of Upper Hesse, in the
See also:grand-duchy of Hesse-
See also:Darmstadt, is situated in a beautiful and fruitful valley at the confluence of the Wieseck with the
See also:Lahn, 41 M . N.N.W. of
See also:Main on the railway to Cassel; and at the junction of important lines to Cologne and
See also:Coblenz . Pop . (1885) 18,836; (1905) 29,149 . In the old
See also:part of the town the streets are narrow and irregular . Besides the university, the
See also:principal buildings are the Stadtkirche, the provincial
See also:government offices, comprising a portion of the old
See also:castle dating from the 12th century, the
See also:arsenal (now barracks) and the town-
See also:hall (containing an
See also:historical collection) . The university, founded in 1607 by
See also:Louis V , landgrave of Hesse, has a large and valuable library, a botanic
See also:garden, an
See also:observatory, medical
See also:schools, a museum of natural
See also:history, a chemical laboratory which was directed by Justus von Liebig,
See also:professor here from 1824 to 1852, and an agricultural
See also:college . The
See also:industries include the manufacture of woollen and
See also:cloth of various kinds,
See also:leather, candles,
See also:tobacco and
See also:beer . Giessen, the name of which is probably derived from the streams which pour (giessen) their
See also:waters here into the Lahn, was formed in the 12th century out of the' villages Selters,
See also:Aster and Kroppach, for whose
See also:protection Count
See also:William of Gleiberg built the castle of Giessen . Through
See also:marriage the town came, in 1203, into the possession of the count palatine, Rudolph of
See also:Tubingen, who sold it in 1265 to the landgrave
See also:Henry of Hesse . It was surrounded with fortifications in 1530, which were demolished in 1547, but rebuilt in 156o . In 18o5 they were finally pulled down, and their site converted into promenades .
See O .Buchner, Fiihrer fur Giessen and das Lahntal (1891) ; and Aus Giessens Vergangenheit (1885) .
JOHANN KARL LUDWIG GIESELER (1792–1854)
GODFREY GIFFARD (c. 1235—1302)
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