man of science in England during the reign of
See also:Elizabeth, and the
See also:father of electric and magnetic science, was a member of an
See also:family, long
See also:resident in Clare, and was
See also:born on the 24th of May 1544 at Colchester, where his father, Hierome
See also:Gilbert, became recorder . Educated at Colchester school, he entered St
See also:College, Cambridge, in 1558, and after taking the degrees of B.A. and M.A. in due course, graduated M.D. in 1569, in which
See also:year he was elected a
See also:fellow of his college . Soon afterwards he
See also:left Cambridge, and after spending three years in Italy and other parts of
See also:Europe, settled in 1573 in
See also:London, where he practised as a physician with "
See also:great success and applause." He was admitted to the College of Physicians probably about 1576, and from 1581 to 1590 was one of the censors . In 1587 he became treasurer, holding the
See also:office till 1592, and in 1589 he was one of the
See also:committee appointed to superintend the preparation of the Pharmacopoeia Londinensis which the college in that year decided to issue, but which did not actually appear till 1618 . In 1597 he was again chosen treasurer, becoming at the same
See also:time consiliarius, and in 1599 he succeeded to the
See also:presidency . Two years later he was appointed physician to Queen Elizabeth, with the usual emolument of £zoo a year; After this time he seems to have removed to the
See also:court, vacating his residence, Wingfield
See also:House, which was on
See also:Hill, between Upper
See also:Thames Street and Little Knightrider Street, and close to the house of the College of Physicians . On the
See also:death of the queen in 1603 he was reappointed by her successor; but he did not. long enjoy the
See also:honour, for he died, probably of the plague, on the 30th of
See also:November (loth of
See also:December, N.S.)1603, either in London or in Colchester . He was buried in the latter
See also:town, in the
See also:chancel of
See also:Holy Trinity
See also:church, where a
See also:monument was erected to his memory . To the College of Physicians he left his books, globes,
See also:instruments and minerals, but they were destroyed in the great
See also:fire of London . Gilbert's
See also:work is his
See also:treatise on magnetism, entitled De magnete, magneticisque corporibus, et de magno magnete tellure (London, 1600; later editions—Stettin, 1628, 1633;
See also:Frankfort, 1629, 1638) . This work, which embodied the results of many years'
See also:research, was distinguished by its strict adherence to the scientific method of investigation by experiment, and by the originality of its
See also:matter, containing, as it does, an account of the author's experiments on magnets and magnetical bodies and on electrical attractions, and also his great conception that the
See also:earth is nothing but a large magnet, and that it is this which explains, not only the direction of the magnetic
See also:north and south, but also the variation and dipping or inclination of the needle . Gilbert's is therefore not merely the first, but the most important, systematic contribution to the sciences of
See also:electricity and magnetism .
See also:posthumous work of Gilbert's was edited by his
See also:brother, also called
See also:William, from two
See also:MSS. in the possession of
See also:Sir William
See also:Boswell; its title is De mundo nostro sublunari philosophia nova (Amsterdam, 1651) . He is the reputed inventor besides of two instruments to enable sailors " to find out the latitude without seeing of
See also:moon or stars," an account of which is given in
See also:Thomas Blondeville's Theoriques of the
See also:Planets (London, 1602) . He was also the first
See also:advocate of Copernican views in England, and he concluded that the fixed stars are not all at the same distance from the earth . It is a matter of great regret for the historian of chemistry that Gilbert left nothing on that branch of science, to which he was deeply devoted," attaining to great exactness therein." So at least says Thomas
See also:Fuller, who in his Worthies of England prophesied truly how he would be afterwards known: " Mahomet's
See also:tomb at
See also:Mecca," he says, "is said strangely to hang up, attracted by some invisible loadstone; but the memory of this
See also:doctor will never fall to the ground, which his incomparable
See also:book De magnete will support to eternity." An
See also:translation of the De magnete was published by P . F . Mottelay in 1893, and another, with notes by S . P .
See also:Thompson, was issued by the Gilbert
See also:Club of London in 1900 .
GILBERT (KINGSMILL) ISLANDS
GILBERT DE LA PORREE
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.