See also:born at Chevilly in the
See also:canton of
See also:Vaud on the 2nd of May 18o6 . His
See also:father and
See also:mother died while he was yet a boy of some eight or nine years of age; and he was brought up by an
See also:uncle at
See also:Lyons, who sent him to the
See also:industrial school of that city . Going up to
See also:Paris a lad of seventeen or nineteen, he spent four years in close
See also:artistic study— with a welcome that shows that the mother's heart thinks less of the repentance than of the return; "
See also:Ruth and Boaz"; " Ulysses and
See also:Nausicaa "; " Hercules at the feet of Omphale "; the "
See also:Young Athenian," or, as it is popularly called, "
See also:Sappho "; "
See also:Minerva and the
See also:Nymphs"; "
See also:Venus rra bnpos "; "
See also:Daphnis and Chloe"; and "Love and the Parcae." Nor must it be omitted that he
See also:left a considerable number of drawings and
See also:colours, and that we are indebted to him for a number of portraits, among which is the sad
See also:face of
See also:Heine, engraved in the Revue
See also:des deux mondes for
See also:April 1852 . In
See also:catalogue of his
See also:works there are 683 entries, including sketches arid studies . See Fritz
See also:Berthoud in Bibliotheque universelle de Geneve (1874);
See also:Albert de Montet,
See also:Diet. biographique des Genevois et des Vaudois (1877) ; and
See also:Vie de
See also:Charles Gleyre (1877), written by his friend, Charles Clement, and illustrated by 3o plates from his works . in
See also:Hersent's studio, in Suisse's academy, in the galleries of the Louvre . To this
See also:period of laborious application succeeded four years of meditative inactivity in Italy, where he became acquainted with Horace
See also:Vernet and
See also:Leopold Robert; and six years more were consumed in adventurous wanderings in
See also:Nubia and
See also:Syria . At Cairo he was attacked with ophthalmia, and in the
See also:Lebanon he was struck down by fever; and he returned to Lyons in shattered
See also:health . On his recovery he proceeded to Paris, and, fixing his modest studio in the rue de Universite, began carefully to
See also:work out the conceptions which had been slowly shaping themselves in his mind . Mention is made of two decorative panels—"
See also:Diana leaving the Bath," and a " Young Nubian "—as almost the first fruits of his
See also:genius; but these did not attract public
See also:attention till long after, and the
See also:painting by which he practically opened his artistic career was the " Apocalyptic Vision of St
See also:John," sent to the
See also:Salon of 184o . This was followed in 1843 by " Evening," which at the
See also:time received a medal of the second class, and afterwards became widely popular under the title of the Lost Illusions . It represents a poet seated on the
See also:bank of a
See also:river, with drooping
See also:head and wearied
See also:frame, letting his
See also:lyre slip from a careless
See also:hand, and gazing sadly at a bright
See also:company of maidens whose
See also:song is slowly dying from his ear as their
See also:boat is
See also:borne slowly from his sight .
In spite of the success which attended these first ventures, Gleyre retired from public competition, and spent the
See also:rest of his
See also:life in quiet devotion to his own artistic ideals, neither seeking the easy applause of the
See also:crowd, nor turning his
See also:art into a means of aggrandizement; and
See also:wealth . After 1845, when he exhibited the " Separation of the Apostles," he contributed nothing to the Salon except the " Dance of the Bacchantes " in 1849 . Yet he laboured steadily and was abundantly productive . He had an " infinite capacity of taking pains," and when asked by what method he attained to such marvellous perfection of workman-
See also:ship, he would reply, " En y pensant toujours." A long series of years often intervened between the first conception of a piece and its embodiment, and years not unfrequently between the first and the final stage of the embodiment itself . A landscape was apparently finished; even his
See also:fellow artists would consider it done; Gleyre alone was conscious that he had not found his
See also:sky." Happily for French art this high-toned laboriousness became influential on a large number of Gleyre's younger contemporaries; for when
See also:Delaroche gave up his studio of instruction he recommended his pupils to apply to Gleyre, who at once agreed to give them lessons twice a week, and characteristically refused to take any
See also:fee or
See also:reward . By
See also:instinct and principle he was a confirmed celibate: "
See also:talent, health, —he had everything; but he was married," was his lamentation over a friend . Though he lived in almost
See also:complete retirement from public life, he took a keen
See also:interest in politics, and was a voracious reader of
See also:journals . For a time, indeed, under
See also:Louis Philippe, his studio had been the
See also:rendezvous of a sort of liberal
See also:club . To the last—amid all the disasters that befell his country—he was hopeful of the future, " la raison finira bien
See also:par avoir raison." It was while on a visit to the Retrospective
See also:Exhibition, opened on behalf of the exiles from
See also:Alsace and
See also:Lorraine, that he died suddenly on the 5th of May 1874 .
GEORGE ROBINS GLIDDON (1809-1857)
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