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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 123 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SERGY NIKOLAEVICH GLINKA (1774-1847), Russian author, the elder brother of Fedor N. Glinka, was born at Smolensk in 1774. In 1796 he entered the Russian army, but after three years' service retired with the rank of major. He afterwards employed himself in the education of youth and in literary pursuits, first in the Ukraine, and subsequently at Moscow, where he died in 1847. His poems are spirited and patriotic; he wrote also several dramatic pieces,; and translated Young's Night Thoughts. Among his numerous prose works the most important from an historical point of view are: Russkoe Chtenie (Russian Reading : Historical Memorials of Russia in the 28th and zgth Centuries) (2 vols., 1845) ; Istoriya Rossii, &c. (History of Russia for the use of Youth) (to vols., 1817-1819, 2nd ed. 1822, 3rd ed. 1824); Istoriya Armyan, &c. (History of the Migration of the Armenians of Azerbijan from Turkey to Russia) (1831); and his contributions to the Russky Vyestnik (Russian Messenger), a monthly periodical, edited by him from 1808 to 1820. GLOBE-FISH, or SEA-HEDGEHOG, the names by which some sea-fishes are known, which have the remarkable faculty of inflating their stomachs with air. They belong to the families Diodontidae and Tetrodontidae. Their jaws resemble the sharp beak of a parrot, the bones and teeth being coalesced into one mass with a sharp edge. In the Diodonts there is no mesial division of the jaws, whilst in the Tetrodonts such a division exists, so that they appear to have two teeth above and two below. By means of these jaws they are able to break off branches of corals, and to masticate other hard substances on which they feed. Usually they are of a short, thick, cylindrical shape, with powerful fins (fig. O., Their body is covered with thick skin, without scales, but provided with variously formed spines, the size and extent of which vary in the different species. When they inflate their capacious stomachs with air, they assume a globular. form, and the spines protrude, forming a more or less formidable defensive armour (fig. 2). A fish thus blown out deleterious qualities to other fish. They are most numerous between the tropics and in the seas contiguous to them, but a few species live in large rivers, as, for instance, the Tetrodon fahaka, a fish well known to all travellers on the Nile. Nearly too different species are known.
End of Article: SERGY NIKOLAEVICH GLINKA (1774-1847)

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