Online Encyclopedia

EARL OF RICHARD DE CLARE GLOUCESTER (...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 130 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
EARL OF RICHARD DE CLARE GLOUCESTER (1222-1262), was a son of Gilbert de Clare, 6th earl of Gloucester and 7th earl of Clare, and was born on the 4th of August 1222, succeeding to his father's earldoms on the death of the latter in October 1230. His first wife was Margaret, daughter of Hubert de Burgh, and after her death in 1237 he married Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, and passed his early years in tournaments and pilgrimages, taking for a time a secondary and undecided part in politics. He refused to help Henry III. on the French expedition of 1250, but was afterwards with the king at Paris; then he went on a diplomatic errand to Scotland, and was sent to Germany to work among the princes for the election of his stepfather, Richard, earl of Cornwall, as king of the Romans. About 1258 Gloucester took up his position as a leader of the barons in their resistance to the king, and he was prominent during the proceedings which followed the Mad Parliament at Oxford in 1258. In 1259, however, he quarrelled with Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester; the dispute, begun in England, was renewed in France and he was again in the confidence and company of the king. This attitude, too, was only temporary, and in 1261 Gloucester and Leicester were again working in concord. The earl died at his residence near Canterbury on the 15th of July 1262. A large landholder like his son and successor, Gilbert, Gloucester was the most powerful English baron of his time; he was avaricious and extravagant, but educated and able. He left several children in addition to Earl Gilbert.
End of Article: EARL OF RICHARD DE CLARE GLOUCESTER (1222-1262)
[back]
EARL OF GILBERT DE CLARE GLOUCESTER (1243-1295)
[next]
EARL OF ROBERT GLOUCESTER (d. 1147)

Additional information and Comments

I believe that the correction regarding his first wife Margaret or Megotta is important because it lays the basis for his hatred of the king who took away from him his first (and possibly only love) and probably was the basis for her (Megotta's death)
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.