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DAMIAO DE GOES (1502—1574)

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 181 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DAMIAO DE GOES (1502—1574), Portuguese humanist, was born of a patrician family at Alemquer, in February 1502. Under King John III. he was employed abroad for many years from 1523 on diplomatic and commercial missions, and he travelled over the greater part of Europe. He was intimate with the leading scholars of the time, was acquainted with Luther and other Protestant divines, and in 1532 became the pupil and friend of Erasmus. Goes took his degree at Padua in 1538 after a four years' course. In 1537, at the instance of his friend Cardinal Sadoleto, he undertook to mediate between the Church and the Lutherans, but failed through the attitude of the Protestants. He married in Flanders a rich and noble Dutch lady, D. Joanna de Hargen, and settled at Louvain, then the literary centre of the Low Countries, where he was living in 1542 when the French besieged the town. He was given the command of the defending forces, and saved Louvain, but was taken prisoner and confined for nine months in France, till he obtained his freedom by a heavy ransom. He was rewarded, however, by a grant of arms from Charles V. He finally returned to Portugal in 1545, with a view of becoming tutor to the king's son, but he failed to obtain this post, owing to the denunciations of Father Simon Rodriguez, provincial of the Jesuits, who accused Goes of favouring the Lutheran doctrines and of being a disciple of Erasmus. Nevertheless in 1548 he was appointed chief keeper of the archives and royal chronicler, and at once introduced some much-needed reforms into the administration of his office. In 1558 he was given a commission to write a history of the reign of King Manoel, a task previously confided to Joao de Barros, but relinquished by him. It was an onerous undertaking for a conscientious historian, since it was necessary to expose numbers of books by Goes; (3) As Variantes das Chronicas Portuguezas (Porto, 1881); (4) Damiao de Goes: Novos Estudos (Porto, 1897) ; (5) As Carters Latinos— in the press (1906). Snr. Vasconcellos only printed a very limited number of copies of these studies for distribution among friends, so that they are rare. (B) Guilherme J. C. Henriques, Ineditos Goesianos, vol. i. (Lisbon, 1896), vol. ii. (containing the proceedings at the trial by the Inquisition) (Lisbon, 1898). (C) A. P. Lopes de Mendonca, Damian de Goes e a Inquisicao de Portugal (Lisbon, 1839). (D) Dr Sousa Viterbo, Damiao de Goes e D. Antonio Pinheiro (Coimbra, 1895). (E) Dr Theophilo Braga, Historia da Universidade de Coimbra (Lisbon, 1892), i. 374-380. (F) Menendez y Pelayo, Historia de los Heter. Espanoles, ii. 129-143. (E. PR.)
End of Article: DAMIAO DE GOES (1502—1574)
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