Online Encyclopedia

GONDOPHARES

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 233 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GONDOPHARES, or GONDOP'HERNES, an Indo-Parthian king who ruled over the Kabul valley and the Punjab. By means of his coins his accession may be dated with practical certainty at A.D. 21, and his reign lasted for some thirty years. He is notable for his association with St Thomas in early Christian tradition. The legend is that India fell to St Thomas, who showed unwillingness to start until Christ appeared in a vision and ordered him to serve King Gondophares and build him a palace. St Thomas accordingly went to India and suffered martyrdom there. This legend is not incompatible with what is known of the chronology of Gondophares' reign.
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