GONZAGA , an
See also:Italian princely
See also:family named after the
See also:town where it probably had its origin . Its known
See also:history begins with the 13th century, when
See also:Luigi I . (1267—136o), after fierce struggles supplanted his
See also:law Rinaldo (nicknamed Passerino) Bonacolsi as
See also:lord of
See also:Mantua in
See also:August 1328, with the title of captain-general, and afterwards of
See also:vicar-general of the
See also:empire, adding the designation of count of
See also:Mirandola and Concordia, which
See also:fief the Gonzagas held from 1328 to 1354 . In
See also:July 1335 his son Guido, with the help of Filippino and Feltrino Gonzaga, wrested Reggio from the Scaligeri and held it until 1371 . Luigi was succeeded by Guido (d . 1369); the latter's son Luigi II. came next in succession (d . 1382), and then Giovan Francesco I . (d . 1407), who, although at one
See also:time allied with the treacherous Gian Galeazzo
See also:Visconti, incurred the latter's enmity and all but lost his estates and his
See also:life in consequence; eventually he joined the Florentines and Bolognese, enemies of Visconti . He promoted commerce and wisely
See also:developed the prosperity of his dominions . His son Giovan Francesco II . (d .
1444) succeeded him under the regency of his
See also:uncle Carlo Malatesta and the
See also:protection of the Venetians .
EDMUND GONVILE (d. 1351)
THOMAZ ANTONIO GONZAGA (1744-1809)
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