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CARL WILHELM GOTTLING (1793-1869)

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 279 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CARL WILHELM GOTTLING (1793-1869), German classical scholar, was born at Jena on the 19th of January 1793. He studied at the universities of Jena and Berlin, took part in the war against France in 1814, and finally settled down in 1822 as professor at the university of his native town, where he continued to reside till his death on the loth of January 1869. In his early years Gottling devoted himself to German literature, and published two works on the Nibelungen: Uber das Geschichtliche im Nibelungenliede (1814) and Nibelungen and Gibelinen (1817). The greater part of his life, however, was devoted to the study of classical literature, especially the elucidation of Greek authors. The contents of his Gesammelte Abhandlungen aus dem klassischen Altertum (1851-1863) and Opuscula Academica (published in 1869 after his death) sufficiently indicate the varied nature of his studies. He edited the TExiq (grammatical manual) of Theodosius of Alexandria (1822), Aristotle's Politics (1824), and Economics (183o) and Hesiod(1831; 3rd ed. by J. Flach, 1878). Mention may also be made of his Allgemeine Lehre vom Accent der griechischen Sprache (1835), enlarged from a smaller work, which was translated into English (1831) as the Elements of Greek Accentuation; and of his Correspondence with Goethe (published 188o). See memoirs by C. Nipperdey, his colleague at Jena (1869), G. Lothholz (Stargard, 1876), K. Fischer (preface to the Opuscula Academica), and C. Bursian in Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, ix.
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