Online Encyclopedia

GOURMET

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 288 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
GOURMET, a French term for one who takes a refined and critical, or even merely theoretical pleasure in good cooking and the delights of the table. The word has not the disparaging sense attached to the Fr. gourmand, to whom the practical pleasure of good eating is the chief end. The O. Fr. groumel or gromet meant a servant, or shop-boy, especially one employed in a wine-seller's shop, hence an expert taster of wines, from which the modern usage has developed. The etymology of gourmet is obscure; it may be ultimately connected with the English " groom " (q.v.). The origin of gourmand is unknown. In English, in the form " grummet," the word was early applied to a cabin or ship's boy. Ships of the Cinque Ports were obliged to carry one " grummet "; thus in a charter of 1229 (quoted in the New English Dictionary) it is laid down servitia inde debita Domino Regi, xxi. naves, et in qualibet nave xxi. homines, cum uno gartione qui dicitur gromet.
End of Article: GOURMET
[back]
COUNT JOSEPH VLADIMIROVICH GOURKO (1828–1901)
[next]
GOUROCK

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.