Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 510 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GOVERNORS. Arthur C. Mellette . Republican 1889-1893 Charles H. Sheldon . 1893-1897 Andrew E. Lee . Populist 1897-1901 Charles N. Herreid Republican 1901-1905 Samuel H. Elrod 1905-1907 Coe I. Crawford „ 1907-1909 Robert S. Vessey 1909- f31s1,1oGRArHv.—For physical description see the Bulletins of the South Dakota Geological Survey (Vermilion, 1894 sqq.) ; N. H. Darton, Geology and Underground Waters of South Dakota (Washington, 1909), Water Supply Paper 227 of the U.S. Geological Survey; James Edward Todd, " The Hydrographic History of South Dakota " in vol. xiii. of the Bulletin of the Geological Society of America (Rochester, 1902). And for administration and history see Hagerty, The Territory of Dakota (Aberdeen, 1889) ; E. L. Grantham, (ed.) Statutes of South Dakota (2nd revised ed., 2 vols., 1901); Doane Robinson, A Brief History of South Dakota (New York, 1905); J. F. Kelly, Manual of the Township and Road Laws of South Dakota 1907; the state constitution, biennial reports of the auditor, secretary of state and superintendent of public instruction, and annual reports of the railway commissioners, insurance department and treasurer. SOUTHEND-ON-SEA, a municipal borough and watering-place in the south-east parliamentary division of Essex, England, on the estuary of the Thames. Pop. (1901), 28,857. Area, 5172 acres. It is 36 m. E. from London by the London, Tilbury & Southend railway; and is served also by the Great Eastern railway, and during the summer by steamers from London. It first sprang into notice from a visit of Queen Caroline in 1804, and as it is the nearest seaside resort to London it is much frequented. The bathing is good, but the tide recedes with great rapidity and for nearly a mile. The pier, which is over I y m. in length, permits the approach of steamers at all tides. Westcliff-on-Sea, a western suburb, has a station on the London and Tilbury line. Westward again is Leigh-on-Sea (an urban district, pop. 3667); its lofty Perpendicular church tower is visible from afar. At Hadleigh, 4m. west, there is a Salvation Army farm colony. The church of Hadleigh is Norman, with an eastern apse, and later additions. The castle was built in the 13th century, and two ruined towers and other fragments remain. Thorpe Bay is a residential suburb about mid-way between Southend and Shoeburyness. Eastwood, Great Wakering and Little Wakering are parishes in the neighbour-hood. Southend was incorporated a municipal borough in 1894, under a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 18 councillors; in 1910 these numbers were increased to 8 aldermen and 24 councillors.
End of Article: GOVERNORS
GOVERNOR (from the Fr. gouverneur, from gouverner, ...

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