Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 610 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GOVERNORS OF NEW YORK Colonial. Cornelis Jacobsen Mey 1624-1625 William Verhulst . 1625-1626 Peter Minuit 1626-1632 Bastiaen Janssen Crol 1632-1633 Wouter Van Twiller 1633-1637 William Kieft 1637-1647 Peter Stuyvesant. . 1647-1664 Richard Nicolls . . 1664-1668 Francis Lovelace . . 1668-1673 Anthony Colve 1673-1674 Edmund Andros 1674-1683 Thomas Dongan . . 1683-1688 Francis Nicholson, Lieutenant-Governor. . 1688-1689 Jacob Leisler (de facto) . r689-1691 Henry Sloughter . 1691 Richard Ingoldsby (Acting) . 1691-1692 Benjamin Fletcher . 1692-x698 Richard Conte, earl of Bellomont . 1698-1701 John Nanfan (Acting) 1701-1702 Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury . 1702-1708 John, Lord Lovelace . . 1708-1709 Richard Ingoldsby (Acting) . 1709-1710 Gerardus Beekman (Acting) . 1710 Robert Hunter . 1710-1719 Peter Schuyler (Acting) . 1719-1720 William Burnet . . 1720-1728 John Montgomerie . 1728-1731 Rip van Dam (Acting) . 1731-1732 William Cosby . 1732-1736 George Clarke (Acting) . 1736-1743. George Clinton . 1743-1753 Sir Danvers Osborne . . 1753 James de Lancey (Acting) . 1753-1755 Sir Charles Hardy . 1755-1757 James de Lancey (Acting) . . 1757-1760 Cadwallader Colden (Acting) . . 176o-1761 Robert Monckton 1761 Cadwallader Colden (Acting) . . 1761-1762 Robert Monckton . 1762-1763 William Smith's History of the Late Province of New York, from its Discovery to 1762 (1st part, 1757, reprinted in the 1st series of the New York Historical Society Collections, 2 vols., 1829-1830) is still the chief authority for the period from the English Revolution of 1688 to the eve of the War of Independence. For the same period, however, consult C. W. Spencer, Phases of Royal Government in New York, 1691-1719 (Columbus, 1905). John Fiske, The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America (2 vols., Boston, 1900) is admirable in its generalizations but unreliable in its details. G. W. Schuyler, Colonial New York: Philip Schuyler and his Family (2 vols., New York, 1885) is a family history, but especially valuable in the study of Indian affairs and the intermarriages of the landed families. A. C. Flick's Loyalism in Ners York during the American Revolution (New York, 1901) and H. P. Johnston's Campaign of 1776 around New York and Brooklyn (Brooklyn, 1878) are thorough studies. For the military history of the War of Independence see also Justin Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, vol. vi. (Boston, 1888). For strictly political history see a series of articles by Carl Becker in the American Historical Review, vols. vi., vii. and ix., and the Political Science Quarterly, vol. xviii., J. D. Hammbnd's History of Political Parties in the State of New York (2 vols., Albany, 1842) and D. S. Alexander's Political History of the State of New York (3 vols., New York, 1906-1909). See also E. P. Cheney, The Anti-Rent Agitation in the State of New York (Philadelphia, 1887) ; Charles McCarthy, " The Anti-Masonic Party " in vol. i. pp. 365-574 of the Annual Report for 1902 of the American Historical Association; N. E. Whitford, History of the Canal System of the State of New York (Albany, 1906). (N. D. M.; W. T. A.)

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