See also:ornithology, generally in a vague sense, though restricted to members of the families Sturnidae belonging to the Old
See also:World and Icteridae belonging to the New . Of the former those to which it has been most commonly applied are the
See also:species known as mynas, mainas, and minors of India and the adjacent countries, and especially the Gracula religiosa of
See also:Linnaeus, who, according to Jerdon and others, was probably led to confer this epithet upon it by confounding it with the Sturnus or Acridotheres tristis,1 which is regarded by the
See also:Hindus as sacred to Ram Deo, one of their deities, while the true Gracula religiosa does not seem to be anywhere held in veneration . This last is about to in . Gracula religiosa . in length, clothed in a plumage of glossy black, with
See also:purple and
See also:green reflections, and a conspicuous patch of
See also:white on the
See also:quill-feathers of the wings . The
See also:bill is orange and the legs yellow, but the
See also:bird's most characteristic feature is afforded by the curious wattles of bright yellow, which, beginning behind the eyes, run backwards in
See also:form of a lappet on each side, and then return in a narrow stripe to the top of the
See also:head . Beneath each
See also:eye also is a
See also:bare patch of the same
See also:colour . This species is
See also:common in
See also:southern India, and is represented farther to the
See also:north, in
See also:Burma, and some of the
See also:Malay Islands by cognate forms . They are all frugivorous, and, being easily tamed and learning to pronounce words very distinctly, are favourite cage-birds.' In
See also:America the name
See also:Grackle has been applied to several species of the genera Scolecophagus and Quiscalus, though these are more commonly called in the
See also:United States and
See also:Canada " blackbirds," and some of them "
See also:boat-tails." They all belong to the
See also:family Icteridae . The best known of these are the rusty grackle, S. ferrugineus, which is found in almost the whole of North America, and Q. puepureus, the purple grackle or crow- 1 By some writers the birds of the genera Acridotheres and Temenuchus are considered to be the true mynas, and the species of Gracula are called "
See also:hill mynas " by way of distinction . 2 For a valuable monograph on the various species of Gracula and its
See also:allies see
See also:Schlegel's " Bijdrage tot de Kennis von het Geschlacht Beo' " (Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde i . 1-9) .
See also:blackbird, of more limited range, for though abundant in most parts to the east of the Rocky Mountains, it seems not to appear on the Pacific side . 'There is also
See also:Brewer's or the blue-headed grackle, S. cyanocephalus, which has a more western range, not occurring to the eastward of Kansas and
See also:Minnesota . A
See also:fourth species, Q. major, inhabits the
See also:Atlantic States as far north as North Carolina . All these birds are of exceedingly omnivorous
See also:habit, and though destroying large numbers of pernicious
See also:insects are in many places held in
See also:bad repute from the
See also:mischief they do to the corn-crops . (A .
BALTASAR GRACIAN Y MORALES (16or-1658)
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