See also:Great Britain a verb now only used in the academical sense intransitively, i.e . " to take or proceed to a university degree," and figuratively of acquiring knowledge of, or proficiency in, anything . The
See also:original transitive sense of " to confer or admit to a degree " is, however, still preserved in
See also:America, where the word is, moreover, not strictly confined to university degrees, but is used also of those successfully completing a course of study at any educational
See also:establishment . As a substantive, a " graduate " (Med .
See also:Lat. graduatus) is one who has taken a degree in a university . Those who have matriculated at a university, but not yet taken a degree, are known as " undergraduates." The word " student," used of undergraduates e.g. in Scottish
See also:universities, is never applied generally to those of the
See also:English and Irish universities . At
See also:Oxford the only " students " are the "
See also:senior students " (i.e.
See also:fellows) and " junior students " (i.e. undergraduates on the foundation, or " scholars ") of Christ
See also:Church . The verb " to graduate " is also used of dividing anything into degrees or parts in accordance with a given scale . For the scientific application see
See also:GRADUATION below . It may also mean " to arrange in -gradations " or " to adjust or apportion according to a given scale." Thus by " a graduated income-tax " is meant the
See also:system by which the percentage paid differs according to the amount of income on a pre-arranged scale .
GRADUAL (Med. Lat. gradualis, of or belonging to st...
GRADUATION (see also GRADUATE)
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